Pteralopex pulchra 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Pteropodidae

Scientific Name: Pteralopex pulchra
Species Authority: Flannery, 1991
Common Name(s):
English Montane Monkey-faced Bat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) C2a(ii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Leary, T., Helgen, K. & Hamilton, S.
Reviewer(s): Lamoreux, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team), Racey, P.A., Medellín, R. & Hutson, A.M. (Chiroptera Red List Authority)
Listed as Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) because its population size is estimated to number fewer than 250 mature individuals, with all individuals in a single subpopulation, and it is likely experiencing a continuing decline. This species has not been recorded since it was first discovered and surveys are needed to confirm its continued existence. Other members of the genus are highly susceptible to deforestation and hunting, and either of these threats could also be operating on this species.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from a single specimen collected on the southern slopes of Mount Makarakomburu, Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. It was recorded at 1,230 m asl (elevational range of 1,200-2,448 comes from Helgen 2005).
Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
Solomon Islands
Additional data:
Number of Locations:1
Lower elevation limit (metres):1200
Upper elevation limit (metres):2448
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is known only from the holotype.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:0-250
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Flannery (1995) recorded the habitat at the collection site as being "primary mossy montane forest with emergent Metrosideros and palms, and an abundant understorey of ferns and climbing bamboo" (p. 242). The species is likely restricted to upland areas.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are not known. It has a restricted range that could be susceptible to a single threat event. The species likely has specific habitat requirements given the dependence of its congeners on large hollow trees as roosts, and it might also share traits that make these species easily hunted.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is not found in any protected areas. Survey work on the species is urgently needed to confirm its presence. Studies of the natural history of the species and threats faced by it are also needed.

Errata [top]

Errata reason: Correction of the typo "Guadacanal" to "Guadalcanal".

Citation: Leary, T., Helgen, K. & Hamilton, S. 2008. Pteralopex pulchra. (errata version published in 2016) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T18658A103392586. . Downloaded on 23 July 2017.
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