|Scientific Name:||Trachurus murphyi|
|Species Authority:||Nichols, 1920|
Caranx peruanus Tschudi, 1846
Trachurus peruanus (Tschudi, 1846)
Trachurus picturatus subspecies murphyi Nichols, 1920
Trachurus symmetricus subspecies murphyi Nichols, 1920
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species, which occurs from California to the Gulf of California, is the sister species of Trachurus symmetricus. This species has smaller scutes (height = 25-44% of eye diameter) on the curved part of the lateral line than T. murphyi. A recent study by Stepien and Rosenblatt (1996) indicates that there is an ongoing genetic connections between these two populations.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Smith-Vaniz, B., Robertson, R. & Dominici-Arosemena, A.|
|Reviewer(s):||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread and migratory. It is heavily targeted in commercial fisheries. However, more information is needed on harvest and population status to make an assessment. It is preliminarily listed as Data Deficient.
|Range Description:||This species is present in the eastern Pacific stretching from southern Ecuador to Peru, and is found in the Galapagos and Malpelo islands. Also, it occurs in New Zealand (Paulin et al. 1989).|
Native:Colombia; Ecuador; New Zealand; Peru
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for this species. Abundance is cyclical according to oceanographic conditions.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This pelagic oceanodromous species is found along shore and in the open oceanic waters from 10-300 m. It forms schools. It feeds mainly on fish larvae and small crustaceans (Smith-Vaniz 1995). This species occurs in upwelling areas, and is migratory.|
It is unknown if current levels of exploitation are causing widespread population decline. This is a targeted commercial species with 0.7-1.2 million metric tons harvested annually. Reported landings were 3,852,928 t in 1990, mainly from Chile and the USSR (each with more than 500,000 t).
It is marketed fresh (Smith-Vaniz 1995). It is utilized canned for human consumption and also made into fishmeal (Frimodt 1995).This species is typically caught in seines.
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known species specific or general conservation measures.|
|Citation:||Smith-Vaniz, B., Robertson, R. & Dominici-Arosemena, A. 2010. Trachurus murphyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 April 2015.|
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