|Scientific Name:||Lutjanus guttatus|
|Species Authority:||(Steindachner, 1869)|
Mesoprion guttatus Steindachner, 1869
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rojas, P., Cotto, A. & Acero, A.|
|Reviewer(s):||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and is common throughout its range. There is no current indication of widespread population decline from commercial fishing of this species. It is listed as Least Concern. However, since immature individuals make up the bulk of the catch in some areas, this species should be carefully monitored and size capture limits are recommended.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from southern Baja California and the Gulf of California to Peru, including Cocos and Malpelo Islands. This species has also been reported from the Galapagos Islands (Molina et al. 2004), where it may be vagrant. However after 17 years of observations, there have been no recent sightings of this species in Malpelo.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is considered common in many parts of its range.
This species is the most abundant snapper in Gorgona, and other Colombian localities and markets, and in Nicaragua (Cotto 1998). In Gorgonia Island, Colombia the mean annual density for the species was recorded as 0.026 individuals per 10 m2, the standard deviation was 0.096 and the frequency of observation was 10.9% (Zapata and Morales 1997). In the Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica medium density for the specie was 0.040 individuals per m2, the standard deviation was 0.065, the percentage of abundance was 1,077%, and the maximum density registered was 0.214 individuals per m2 (Rojas 2001).
|Habitat and Ecology:||This reef-associated species is found in inshore reef areas, sandy bays, and estuaries, and is also found in deeper trawling grounds to depths of over 100 m. Juveniles inhabit estuaries and mouths of rivers (Allen 1995), while the adults are often found in deeper areas (Vega 2004). This species is generally found solitary or in small groups, but may occasionally form big schools (Allen 1995).|
|Use and Trade:||
This species is of great commercial importance in many parts of its range. It is the most important snapper in fisheries of Nicaragua, and it is one of the two species of Lutjanidae with higher capture volumes in the Gulf of Montijo and Gulf of Chiriquí, Panamá. However, in the Gulf of Montijo, Panamá, 50% of the capture is below the minimum reproductive size, and in Colombia, around 70% of individuals caught in fisheries are immature. This species is often fished by trawling, which captures individuals below the minimun reproductive size (Vega 2004).
Recommendations include improved fishing policies that include consideration for capture sizes. The month of October is the period of highest reproductive activity for the species (Vega 2004). According to Rojas (1997) for the Nicoya Gulf, Costa Rica, the minimum reproductive size for this species is between 32-32.9 cm.
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known for this species. It is an important commercial species however there is no current indication of widespread population decline.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006). Since immature individuals make up the bulk of the catch in some areas, this species should be carefully monitored and size capture limits are recommended.|
|Citation:||Rojas, P., Cotto, A. & Acero, A. 2010. Lutjanus guttatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.|
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