|Scientific Name:||Lutjanus guttatus|
|Species Authority:||(Steindachner, 1869)|
Mesoprion guttatus Steindachner, 1869
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Rojas, P., Cotto, A. & Acero, A.|
|Reviewer/s:||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and is common throughout its range. There is no current indication of widespread population decline from commercial fishing of this species. It is listed as Least Concern. However, since immature individuals make up the bulk of the catch in some areas, this species should be carefully monitored and size capture limits are recommended.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from southern Baja California and the Gulf of California to Peru, including Cocos and Malpelo Islands. This species has also been reported from the Galapagos Islands (Molina et al. 2004), where it may be vagrant. However after 17 years of observations, there have been no recent sightings of this species in Malpelo.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is considered common in many parts of its range.
This species is the most abundant snapper in Gorgona, and other Colombian localities and markets, and in Nicaragua (Cotto 1998). In Gorgonia Island, Colombia the mean annual density for the species was recorded as 0.026 individuals per 10 m2, the standard deviation was 0.096 and the frequency of observation was 10.9% (Zapata and Morales 1997). In the Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica medium density for the specie was 0.040 individuals per m2, the standard deviation was 0.065, the percentage of abundance was 1,077%, and the maximum density registered was 0.214 individuals per m2 (Rojas 2001).
|Habitat and Ecology:||This reef-associated species is found in inshore reef areas, sandy bays, and estuaries, and is also found in deeper trawling grounds to depths of over 100 m. Juveniles inhabit estuaries and mouths of rivers (Allen 1995), while the adults are often found in deeper areas (Vega 2004). This species is generally found solitary or in small groups, but may occasionally form big schools (Allen 1995).|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known for this species. It is an important commercial species however there is no current indication of widespread population decline.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006). Since immature individuals make up the bulk of the catch in some areas, this species should be carefully monitored and size capture limits are recommended.|
|Citation:||Rojas, P., Cotto, A. & Acero, A. 2010. Lutjanus guttatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.|
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