|Scientific Name:||Xenomugil thoburni (Jordan & Starks, 1896)|
Mugil thoburni Jordan & Starks, 1896
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the central eastern Pacific. There are no known major threats, and there is no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is present in the eastern Pacific from the southeastern Guatamala to Peru, including the Galapagos islands.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for this species. This species is considered to be fairly common.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in shallow waters to depths of 10m, most commonly in areas of mangrove development and shallow embayments. It is often seen scraping algae from lava rocks or browsing on filamentous algae (Grove and Lavenberg 1997). This species habitat and ecology has not been well documented.|
|Use and Trade:||Most catch of this species is attributed to bycatch with other Mugilidae species.|
There are no major threats known for this species.
- This species is sometimes incidentally caught with other mullet species (Harrison 1995).
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the tropical eastern Pacific region. More research is needed on distribution, population, habitat and ecology for this species.|
|Citation:||Harrison, I. 2010. Xenomugil thoburni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T183713A8162821.Downloaded on 24 September 2018.|
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