|Scientific Name:||Haemulon maculicauda|
|Species Authority:||(Gill, 1862)|
Orthostoechus maculicauda Gill, 1862
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Allen, G. & Robertson, R.|
|Reviewer(s):||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and common throughout most of its range. There are no known major threats to this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from southern Baja and the Gulf of California to northern Peru, including Malpelo Island.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Lower depth limit (metres):||33|
|Upper depth limit (metres):||1|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is considered common throughout most of its range.
A survey made in Gulf Dulce, Costa Rica, showed a mean density of 0,308 individuals per m2 for this species (Figueroa 2001).This species was found in a survey at Los Islotes, Gulf of California, and is considered to be frequent and abundant, with a 30-70% abundance (Aburto-Oropeza and Balart 2001). In a survey at Gorgona Island coral reefs, Colombia (Zapata and Morales 1997), a mean density of 3.169 individuals per 10 m2 was registered. The mean density found at Gulf of Papagayo, Costa Rica, was 0.07±0.27 individuals per m2 (Dominici-Arosemena et al. 2005). In Bahía de Navidad, Jalisco, México, this fish was captured eight times within 12 (one each month) field trips throughout a year (Rojo-Vázquez et al. 2001).
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This reef-associated species can be found in schools around coastal reefs during the day, dispersing over sandy substrate at night (McKay and Schneider 1995) to depths of 33 m. It can also be found at deep rocky walls as well as in massive corals and exposed shallow rocky reefs in Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama (Dominici-Arosemena and Wolff 2006).|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known for this species. This species is of minor commercial importance.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).|
|Citation:||Allen, G. & Robertson, R. 2010. Haemulon maculicauda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T183412A8109093. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T183412A8109093.en . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.|
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