Lile stolifera


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Lile stolifera
Species Authority: (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Common Name(s):
English Pacific Piquitinga, Striped Herring, Herring
French Sardine, Harengule Piquitinga, Harengule Piquitinge Pacifique
Spanish Pelada, Sardina, Sardina Rayada, Sardineta, Sardineta Piquitinga Pelada
Clupea stolifera Jordan & Gilbert, 1882

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-04-30
Assessor(s): Iwamoto, T. & Eschmeyer, W.
Reviewer(s): Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)
This species has a wide distribution, has no major threats, and occurs in several Marine Protected Areas. Therefore, it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The distribution of this species in the eastern Pacific is in Mexico (Baja California and southern Gulf of California) and from Costa Rica to northern Peru, including the Galapagos islands.
Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Mexico; Panama; Peru
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Abundance and biomass in mangrove swamps in Baja California, Mexico showed marked seasonal variation of organism/ha (grams/ha); autumm: 0.09 (0.12), winter: 0.36 (1.57), spring: 11.4 (79.0), summer: 12.36 (85.7) (Gonzalez-Acosta et al. 2005).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a coastal-pelagic species that forms dense schools alongshore, lagoons, and estuaries. It tolerates brackish and fresh water. It is found down to 10m. This species feeds on plankton, especially on small crustaceans and fish larvae (Whitehead and Rodríguez-Sánchez 1995). It may be found in streams, estuaries, and sandy and muddy shores.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species has no major threats.

There are no targeted fisheries for this species: it is often caught by cast net (FAO 1995). This species is important as a minor commercial fishery resource (Gonzalez-Acosta et al. 2005).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures for this species. This species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the central tropical eastern Pacific region. However, not all of the Marine Protected Areas have been considered to take action against major threats on the ecosystems. Many tropical eastern Pacific endemics are found in habitats that are not currently protected within Marine Protected Areas such as areas with soft substrata.

Citation: Iwamoto, T. & Eschmeyer, W. 2010. Lile stolifera. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.
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