Proechimys guairae 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Echimyidae

Scientific Name: Proechimys guairae
Species Authority: Thomas, 1901
Common Name(s):
English Guaira Spiny Rat
Proechimys poliopus Osgood, 1914
Taxonomic Source(s): Fabre, P.H. in press. Family Echimyidae. In: Wilson, D.E., Lacher, T.E., Jr and Mittermeier, R.A. (eds), Handbook of Mammals of the World. Vol. 6. Lagomorphs and Rodents: Part 1., Lynx Editions, Barcelona.
Taxonomic Notes: This is a species complex, likely to be split into several species with small ranges some of which may be endangered particularly those with karyotype 2n = 52 (Aguillera et al. 1995).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Aguilera, M. & Ochoa, J.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance to some degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in the north central Venezuela, east of the Lake Maracaibo and at the foothills of Merida Andes (Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). It is possible that the species occurs in Colombia. It is found from sea level to 800 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1
Upper elevation limit (metres):800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is considered common (M. Aguilera pers. comm.).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is terrestrial, and nocturnal. It is present in both primary and secondary habitats.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The eastern part of its range is undergoing habitat degradation, but overall there are no major threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in a number of protected areas especially in the west (M. Aguilera pers. comm.).

Citation: Aguilera, M. & Ochoa, J. 2008. Proechimys guairae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T18284A7982370. . Downloaded on 30 August 2016.
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