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Proechimys guyannensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA ECHIMYIDAE

Scientific Name: Proechimys guyannensis
Species Authority: (É. Geoffroy, 1803)
Common Name(s):
English Cayenne Spiny Rat
Synonym(s):
Proechimys cayennensis Desmarest, 1817
Proechimys warreni Thomas, 1905
Taxonomic Notes: ICZN official name changed for this species ruling that guyannensis, rather than cayennensis, was the official name dating back to Geoffroy (1803) (J. Patton pers. comm.). This species is also likely to be split into several species based on ongoing molecular studies; P. warreni is actually part of this species (Voss et al. 2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Catzeflis, F. & Patton, J.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in several protected areas, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
History:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana (Patton, 1987), and is known only from lowlands up to 500 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Brazil; French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This rodent is common in natural and degraded habitats (F. Catzeflis pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This rodent is nocturnal and mainly frugivorous but it also eats seeds and fungi (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999). This rodent is common in primary and secondary forest and also much degraded habitats. It is present in different patch sizes should be available from grey literature from Lovejoy's plots north of Manaus (F. Catzeflis pers. comm.). This species can survive in agricultural landscape if there is some forest cover; its reproduction is seasonal in French Guiana (F. Catzeflis pers. comm.).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In the past clear cutting was a threat in the Guianas; mining may have threatened the species in the Brazilian portion of its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is found in several protected areas throughout its range.

Citation: Catzeflis, F. & Patton, J. 2008. Proechimys guyannensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 December 2014.
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