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Proechimys brevicauda

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA ECHIMYIDAE

Scientific Name: Proechimys brevicauda
Species Authority: (Günther, 1877)
Common Name(s):
English Huallaga Spiny Rat, Huallago Spiny Rat
Synonym(s):
Proechimys bolivianus Thomas, 1901
Proechimys gularis Thomas, 1911
Taxonomic Notes: A species complex which may contain several species (J. Patton pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Gómez-Laverde, M., Patton, J. & Percequillo, A.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance to some degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the western Amazonia from southern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and the headwaters Region of the Río Jurua, west Brazil (Patton et al., 2000; Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). Its range also extends up to southern Colombia to the Río Caqueta, including the Amazon at Iquitos, Colombia (Patton, 1987, Patton et al. 2000). This species reaches 500 m asl at the base of the Andes.
Countries:
Native:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This rodent is common everywhere; there have been no population studies (J. Patton and M. Gómez-Laverde pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This rat has been recorded in terra firme forest, including naturally disturbed forest with either high density of bamboo or in second growth. It is commonly found in disturbed second growth forests, active and abandoned cultivated plots and various edge habitats. It is less frequently found in forest that floods occasionally, not seasonally. This rodent has not been found in varzea forest (J. Patton pers. comm.). The modal litter size was 2 (range one to four). It is not known whether reproduction is seasonal or largely aseasonal in Brazil (Patton et al., 2000).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats at this time. This species does well in second growth and garden plots (J. Patton pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is found in several protected areas including indigenous areas throughout its range (J. Patton pers. comm.). This rodent is eaten locally by indigenous people but only for subsistence (J. Patton pers. comm.). No conservation measures are needed for this species.

Citation: Gómez-Laverde, M., Patton, J. & Percequillo, A. 2008. Proechimys brevicauda. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 July 2014.
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