Citharinus latus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Characiformes Citharinidae

Scientific Name: Citharinus latus Müller & Troschel, 1844
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Moon Fish

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Azeroual, A., Bayona, J., Entsua-Mensah, M., Getahun, A. & Lalèyè, P.
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J., Tweddle, D., Getahun, A., Lalèyè, P., Paugy, D., Zaiss, R., Fishar, M.R.A & Brooks, E.
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern. It is also assessed regionally as Least Concern in western Africa, although it qualifies as Vulnerable within northern and eastern Africa. In northeastern Africa, this species is Data Deficient.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is wide ranging from Senegal to Ethiopia, and found throughout the Nile excluding the Nile delta.

Eastern Africa: It is found in Lake Albert

Northern Africa: Present but rare in Egyptian upper Nile; from Beni Suef southwards, and Lake Nasser (also known as Lake Nubia).

Northeast Africa: It occurs in the Ghazal and Jebel systems; White Nile, Nile to Lake Nasser, Sudan. Also found in Baro River, Ethiopia

Western Africa: This species is known from the rivers Senegal, Casamance, Niger, Volta, Chad, and from some coastal rivers of Guinea Bissau, Togo and Benin. (Laleye et al. 2004)
Countries occurrence:
Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Egypt; Ethiopia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; South Sudan; Sudan; Togo; Uganda
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:No population estimates available.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is occurs in open water and vegetation beds of lakes and flowing water. Ingests mud containing benthic and sedimented algae (Holden and Reed 1972). Also feeds on phytoplankton, aufwuchs, detritus and benthic animals. In the Sudd, C. latus spawns in the perennial wetland at high water.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This is a commercially important species, marketable when caught.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This is a commercially harvested food fish, and thus overfishing is a potential threat. Other threats include invasive aquatic weeds, deforestation, sedimentation and drought.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available. More research is needed into this species population numbers and range, biology and ecology, habitat status and threats, uses and harvest levels, and cultural relevance, as well as monitoring of populations trends and potential conservation measures. Habitat maintenance and conservation may also be needed.

Citation: Azeroual, A., Bayona, J., Entsua-Mensah, M., Getahun, A. & Lalèyè, P. 2010. Citharinus latus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T181716A7712641. . Downloaded on 19 September 2017.
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