|Scientific Name:||Kotschya recurvifolia|
|Species Authority:||(Taub.) F.White|
|Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:|
Smithia recurvifolia Taub.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Groom, A. & IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority|
|Reviewer(s):||Hilton-Taylor, C. & Maunder, M.|
Kotschya recurvifolia has a wide geographical distribution and is known to occur within the protected areas network. Despite general threats in the region this species is not thought to be specifically threatened or in decline. A rating of Least Concern is therefore given.
K. recurvifolia is distributed in tropical eastern Africa occurring in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia. It occurs from 1,200 up to 3,300 m asl.
Native:Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zambia
|Lower elevation limit (metres):||1200|
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||3300|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information available relating to the population size of the taxon, but it is presumably fairly common and stable.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A large shrub or small tree found in a variety of habitats including upland grassland, heathland, bamboo glades, forest edges, secondary forest or thicket, evergreen bushland, and open forest. The typical subspecies occurs mainly on volcanic soils. Also recorded on granite outcrops.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||The species is probably used locally for firewood|
|Major Threat(s):||Anthropogenic activity in this region has led to increased habitat fragmentation. Shifting cultivation is widespread (Cribb and Leedal 1982, McKone 1995) and this is leading to a decline in montane grasslands in southern Tanzania. Some of the plateau areas in Malawi have been planted with exotic Pinus spp. displacing the natural vegetation. Wildfires are a further threat to the forests and scrubland areas. Natural vegetation is also threatened by charcoal production and fuel wood harvesting. K. recurvifolia is known to generate 1-2 years after a wildfire, but it is not clear what, if any, affect the general threats to the habitats in this region pose to this species in particular.|
|Conservation Actions:||This taxon is known to occur within the protected areas network including Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. Seeds are yet to be collected as a method of ex situ conservation. Nyika Plateau is well protected by a continuum of National Parks between Zambia and Malawi but there is a need for more effective management in other areas in the southern Afromontane ecoregion.|
|Citation:||Groom, A. & IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2012. Kotschya recurvifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T179244A1572224. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T179244A1572224.en . Downloaded on 05 October 2015.|
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