Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Fabales Leguminosae

Scientific Name: Kotschya recurvifolia
Species Authority: (Taub.) F.White
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Smithia recurvifolia Taub.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2010-06-16
Assessor(s): Groom, A. & IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority
Reviewer(s): Hilton-Taylor, C. & Maunder, M.
Kotschya recurvifolia has a wide geographical distribution and is known to occur within the protected areas network. Despite general threats in the region this species is not thought to be specifically threatened or in decline. A rating of Least Concern is therefore given.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

K. recurvifolia is distributed in tropical eastern Africa occurring in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia. It occurs from 1,200 up to 3,300 m asl.

Countries occurrence:
Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zambia
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1200
Upper elevation limit (metres): 3300
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no information available relating to the population size of the taxon, but it is presumably fairly common and stable.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A large shrub or small tree found in a variety of habitats including upland grassland, heathland, bamboo glades, forest edges, secondary forest or thicket, evergreen bushland, and open forest. The typical subspecies occurs mainly on volcanic soils. Also recorded on granite outcrops.
Systems: Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is probably used locally for firewood

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Anthropogenic activity in this region has led to increased habitat fragmentation. Shifting cultivation is widespread (Cribb and Leedal 1982, McKone 1995) and this is leading to a decline in montane grasslands in southern Tanzania. Some of the plateau areas in Malawi have been planted with exotic Pinus spp. displacing the natural vegetation. Wildfires are a further threat to the forests and scrubland areas. Natural vegetation is also threatened by charcoal production and fuel wood harvesting. K. recurvifolia is known to generate 1-2 years after a wildfire, but it is not clear what, if any, affect the general threats to the habitats in this region pose to this species in particular.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This taxon is known to occur within the protected areas network including Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. Seeds are yet to be collected as a method of ex situ conservation. Nyika Plateau is well protected by a continuum of National Parks between Zambia and Malawi but there is a need for more effective management in other areas in the southern Afromontane ecoregion.

Citation: Groom, A. & IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2012. Kotschya recurvifolia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T179244A1572224. . Downloaded on 05 October 2015.
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