|Scientific Name:||Ophrys bertolonii|
Ophrys flavicans Vis.
Ophrys grassensis Jauvy ex Steud.
Ophrys inzengae Nyman
Ophrys marzensis Soca
Ophrys romolinii Soca
Ophrys dalmatica (Murr) Soó
Ophrys speculum Bertol.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Fay, M. & Bilz, M.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Ophrys bertolonii is widespread and present in several locations in Europe. The existing threats for the species and its habitats are unlikely to cause the populations to decline severely in the near future. Therefore, Ophrys bertolonii is assessed as Least Concern.
Ophrys bertolonii is found in the central Mediterranean and mostly occurrs in Italy, from the River Po to Sicily. The species occurs from Istria in Croatia to Montenegro in the Balkans as well as the Ionian island of Corfu and is found from sea level to 1,450 m altitude (Pederson and Faurholdt 2007, Delforge 1995).
Native:Croatia; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Italy (Italy (mainland), Sicilia); Montenegro
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Ophrys bertolonii is quite widespread and fairly common, usually spotted in several locations in the central Mediterranean region. The trend of the populations remains unknown. Some authors recognize a range of segregate taxa. (Pederson and Faurholdt 2007, Delforge 1995).
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Ophrys bertolonii grows in dry to moist, calcareous soil in full sunlight. The flowering time of the species is from March-April to June with a peak time in mid-April to mid-May (Pederson and Faurholdt 2007, Delforge 1995).
|Use and Trade:||
The root is edible when cooked and is also a source of 'salep', a fine white to yellowish-white powder that is obtained by drying the tuber and grinding it into a powder. This salep is said to be very nutritious and is made into a drink or added to cereals and bread. Many Ophrys spp. are collected for their attractiveness (Plants For a Future 2010).
Ophrys bertolonii is threatened by urbanisation, construction work, residential building, and plant collection (Pederson and Faurholdt 2007).
All orchid species are included under Annex B of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). This orchid is listed as Vulnerable on the Croatian red list (Nikolić and Topić 2005). Recommended conservation actions for Ophrys bertolonii are:
|Citation:||Rankou, H. 2011. Ophrys bertolonii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 July 2015.|
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