|Scientific Name:||Dactylorhiza sambucina|
|Species Authority:||(L.) Soó|
Dactylorhiza latifolia (L.) Soó
Orchis sambucina L.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Fay, M. & Bilz, M.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Dactylorhiza sambucina is rather local and is often abundant where it occurs. Although the species is an endangered and strictly protected plant in some countries including
Dactylorhiza sambucina is endemic to
Native:Albania; Austria; Belarus; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Hungary; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sicilia); Latvia; Lithuania; Norway; Poland; Romania; Serbia (Serbia); Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine (Ukraine (main part))
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Dactylorhiza sambucina is rather local and often abundant where it occurs. The population is suspected to be decreasing because of habitat destruction (Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005).
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Dactylorhiza sambucina it grows in mountain meadows, pastures, forest borders, open woodland, and poor grassland. It prefers alkaline to slightly acid dry to damp soils in full sun light. The flowering takes place from May to June (Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005).
|Use and Trade:||The tuber is very nutritious when cooked. It is a source of 'salep', a fine white to yellowish-white powder that is obtained by drying the tuber and grinding it into a powder. Salep is a starch-like substance which can be made into a drink, added to cereals or to bread. It can be prepared in the same way as arrowroot. A jelly can be made from the salep which is used to treat irritations of the gastro-intestinal canal (Plants For a Future 2010).|
The habitat of Dactylorhiza sambucina is submitted to numerous anthropogenic threats including drainage, agricultural use of the habitat, urbanization, tourism, trampling, deforestation and plant collection (Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005).
All orchids are included under Annex B of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Dactylorhiza sambucina is a strictly protected plant in some countries, for example the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and is protected at regional level in
The following actions are recommended to protect Dactylorhiza sambucina;
|Citation:||Rankou, H. 2011. Dactylorhiza sambucina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 July 2014.|
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