|Scientific Name:||Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó|
Dactylorchis elodes (Griseb.) Verm.
Dactylorchis maculata (L.) Vermeulen
Dactylorchis maculata (L.) Soó ssp. arduennensis Zadoks
Dactylorhiza transsilvanica (Schur) Aver.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Fay, M. & Bilz, M.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Dactylorhiza maculata is rather widespread and abundant where it occurs. The species is protected in some countries including Belgium and Luxembourg but the existing threats for the species and the habitats are unlikely to cause the populations to decline quickly in the near future. Therefore, Dactylorhiza maculata is assessed as Least Concern.
Dactylorhiza maculata is not well known due to confusion within the group. Eastern and Central European populations assigned to this species may be hybrids or introgressed forms with D. fuchsii.
The species is found throughout temperate and boreal Eurosiberia. This species is found up to 2,300 m altitude (Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005)
Native:Albania; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Germany; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sicilia); Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Moldova; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia); Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine (Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Dactylorhiza maculata it grows in slightly improved grassland, margins and clearings, and peatbogs, always with Molinea grass and on marshes. It grows on acid, cool to swampy soils in full sunlight to shade. The flowering time takes place from May to July (Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005).
|Use and Trade:||The tuber is very nutritious when cooked. It is a source of 'salep', a fine white to yellowish-white powder that is obtained by drying the tuber and grinding it into a powder. Salep is a starch-like substance which can be made into a drink, added to cereals or to bread. It can be prepared in the same way as arrowroot. A jelly can be made from the salep which is used to treat irritations of the gastro-intestinal canal (Plants For a Future 2010).|
The habitat of Dactylorhiza maculata is submitted to numerous anthropogenic threats including drainage, agricultural use of the habitat, urbanization, tourism, trampling and plant collection (Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005).
All orchids are included under Annex B of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Dactylorhiza maculata is a protected plant in some countries such as Belgium and Luxembourg.
The following actions are recommended to protect Dactylorhiza maculata;
(Delforge 1995, Bournérias and Prat 2005)
|Citation:||Rankou, H. 2011. Dactylorhiza maculata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T175942A7149916.Downloaded on 24 March 2018.|
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