|Scientific Name:||Epipactis palustris (L.) Crantz|
Amesia palustris (L.) A. Nelson & J. F. Macbr.
Arthrochilium palustre (L.) Beck
Calliphyllon palustre (L.) Bubani
Cymbidium palustre (L.) Sw.
Helleborine palustris (L.) Schrank
Limodorum palustre (L.) Kuntze
Serapias palustris (L.) Mill.
Serapias helleborine ssp. palustris L.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Fay, M. & Bilz, M.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Epipactis palustris is widespread and often found in dense colonies. The populations are overall declining, however the existing threats are unlikely to cause the populations to decline severely in the near future. Therefore, Epipactis palustris is assessed as Least Concern.
Epipactis palustris is found in Europe and Asia in the sub-meridional and temperate zones. In Europe, it is found north to Denmark, southern Scandinavia and the Baltic States and south to Portugal, northern Spain, southern Italy, central Greece, Bulgaria, and Ukraine, and also in Corsica and Sicily. The species is absent from lowlands. It extends its range to Turkey and northern Iran, and eastwards to Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia. The species can be found up to 2,100 m altitude. (Bournérias and Prat 2005, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Lang 2004, Pignatti 1982, Rossi 2002, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2010, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
Native:Albania; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Hungary; Ireland; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Moldova; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, East European Russia, Kaliningrad, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia); Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland)
Epipactis palustris is rather widespread and often found in dense colonies which are largely clonal. The species is rare in the boreal and meridional zones (Scandinavia, southern Italy, Balkans). The population has a decreasing trend. (Bournérias and Prat 2005, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Lang 2004, Pignatti 1982, Rossi 2002, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Epipactis palustris is found in damp grassland, seepages, springs, dune slacks and spring-fed rich fens. It prefers damp to wet sites with mostly neutral to alkaline groundwater and relatively short, open vegetation to thrive. This species grows in full sun and flowers from the beginning of June to August. (Bournérias and Prat 2005, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Lang 2004, Pignatti 1982, Rossi 2002, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
|Use and Trade:||
There are no known uses.
Epipactis palustris is declining due to drainage, water abstraction, destruction of fens and marshes and eutrophication. The enrichment of ground water by fertiliser has caused suitable fens to become overgrown with vigorous vegetation and the abandonment of grazing or mowing increases this invasion. In addition, the plant is affected by tourism. (Bournérias and Prat 2005, Delforge 1995, GIROS 2009, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Lang 2004, Pignatti 1982, Rossi 2002, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
All orchid species are included under Annex B of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). Epipactis palustris is included in the following national red lists:
|Citation:||Rankou, H. 2011. Epipactis palustris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T175923A7144352.Downloaded on 17 October 2017.|
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