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Pipistrellus maderensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA VESPERTILIONIDAE

Scientific Name: Pipistrellus maderensis
Species Authority: (Dobson, 1878)
Common Name(s):
English Madeira Pipistrelle
French Pipistrelle De Madère, PIPISTRELLE DE MADÈRE
Spanish Murciélago De Madeira, MURCIÉLAGO DE MADEIRA
Taxonomic Notes: Unidentified Pipistrellus bats found in the Azores have recently been proposed to belong to this species, but this awaits confirmation.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Juste, J., Palmeirim, J. & Alcaldé, J.T.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
The species is restricted to few islands in the Canaries and the Madeira islands (and possibly the Azores). The extent of occurrence is <5,000 km2, and the population is severely fragmented. It is inferred that the population may be declining as a result of habitat loss, use of agricultural pesticides, and disturbance to roosts. Consequently it is assessed as Endangered.
History:
1996 Vulnerable

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to Madeira (Madeira, Porto Santo), and the western Canary Islands (La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro, Tenerife). Pipistrelles found in the Azores (Santa Maria, Flores, Corvo, Graciosa, San Jorge) probably belong to this species. It is found from sea level to 2,150 m in the Canary Islands, although it prefers lowlands on Madeira (Fajardo and Benzal 1999).
Countries:
Native:
Portugal (Madeira); Spain (Canary Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: On the islands of Madeira it is relatively abundant on Madeira and very rare on Porto Santo. The total population is estimated to number fewer than 1,000 individuals, and trends are unknown (Rainho et al. 2002). On the Canary Islands it is the most reported bat on all islands of occurrence, although no bat is abundant in the islands. Population size and trend have not been quantified (Palomo and Gisbert 2002), although declines are inferred as a result of threats including loss and degradation of habitats, pesticide use, and disturbance and destruction of roosts. On the Azores, Pipistrellus bats are rare or very rare on all islands of occurrence, and the total number of individuals is probably less than 300 (Rainho et al. 2002). The global population is naturally fragmented.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It forages over a wide range of habitats, including aquatic habitats, woodland and farmland (Palomo and Gisbert 2002). It feeds on flying insects, including small moths and flies. Breeding colonies have been found in crevices in sea-cliffs and underneath the roofs of houses, as well as in bird boxes (Palomo and Gisbert 2002). Roost sites include rock crevices, bird boxes, and crevices in (often disused) buildings. It is often associated with human settlements.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Loss of natural habitat may be a threat, although the species is apparently adapted to man-made habitats. The use of agricultural pesticides may be a problem, and disturbance to roosts in buildings may also be of concern.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is protected through Bern Convention, and included in Annex IV of EU Habitats and Species Directive. Rainho and Palmeirim (2002) proposed the following actions: identification, protection and monitoring of roosts; preservation and restoration of natural habitats, reduction of pesticide use; and, study of the species' biology, ecology, genetics, and systematics. Palomo and Gisbert (2002) additionally recommend a public awareness campaign aimed at reducing disturbance of breeding colonies in private houses.

Citation: Juste, J., Palmeirim, J. & Alcaldé, J.T. 2008. Pipistrellus maderensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 October 2014.
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