||Trimeresurus malabaricus (Jerdon, 1854)
||Malabar Pit Viper, Malabarian Pit Viper
Lachesis anamallensis (Günther, 1864)
Lachesis coorgensis Rao, 1917
Trigonocephalus malabaricus Jerdon, 1854
Trigonocephalus wardii Jerdon, 1854
Trimeresurus anamallensis Günther, 1864
||Trimerusurus malabaricus was described by Jerdon in 1854 as Trigonocephalus malabaricus based on specimens collected from different localities in Western Ghats (Smith 1943). Coluber gramineus has long been considered the type species of the taxonomically complex genus Trimeresurus (David et al. 2011), as the original type species T. viridis has long been considered a synonym. Investigation of this assignment by David et al. (2011) indicated that this was incorrect and that T. viridis (a combination that hasn't been used to describe a valid species since its original description in 1861), is instead a junior synonym of the Timorese species T. insularis. This recognition alters the generic identity of several taxa within the Trimeresurus genus complex, including T. malabaricus, and David et al. (2011) therefore assign T. malabaricus to Craspedocephalus (treated by these authors as a subgenus but more commonly as a full genus). This taxonomy does not, to date, appear to have gained broad acceptance, and this account retains T. malabaricus within Trimeresurus.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Srinivasulu, C., Srinivasulu, B., Shankar, G., Thakur, S., Kulkarni, N.U. & Jose, J.
||Penner, J., Bowles, P., Das, A., Achyuthan, N.S., Deepak, V., Sawant, N.S., Mohapatra, P., Vyas, R., Aengals, A. & Molur, S.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, it occurs in a number of protected areas, has a tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category
|Range Description:||Trimeresurus malabaricus is endemic to the Western Ghats, India (Whitaker and Captain 2004) and is known only from south of Phansad Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra to Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu. It is found at elevations of 100 to 2,134 m asl.|
India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
|♦ Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):||Unknown|
|♦ Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO):||Unknown||♦ Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:|
|♦ Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Unknown||♦ Extreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):||Unknown|
|♦ Continuing decline in number of locations:||No|
|♦ Lower elevation limit (metres):||100|
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||2134|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|