Puntius setnai


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Puntius setnai
Species Authority: Chhapgar & Sane, 1992
Common Name(s):
English Indigo Barb
Puntius setnai Chhapgar and Sane (1992)
Taxonomic Notes: Puntius setnai was first described by Chhapgar and Sane (1992) from Sanguem and Ponda in Goa, India. Previously this species was confused with Puntius nigrofasciatus (Yazdani 1977) and Puntius narayani (Chhapgar and Sane 1980).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-09-08
Assessor(s): Dahanukar, N.
Reviewer(s): Rema Devi, K.R., Gopalakrishnan, A., Arunachalam, M., Shrikant, J., Johnson, J.A., Rahul, K. & Molur, S.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Puntius setnai is currently known from only two hydro-basins with an estimated area of occupancy of around 1,600 to 2,000 km². The species is known from only three populations which may represent three locations. Furthermore, the area in which the species is found is under pressure from tourism, urbanization and agricultural pollution. Thus, the species is assessed as Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Puntius setnai is endemic to the Western Ghats of India and is found only in west flowing rivers (Yadav 2003). It is known from Sanguem and Phonda in Goa (Chhapgar and Sane 1992, Yadav 2008) and Hoshangadi in Karnataka (Yazdani and Ghate 1994) and southern Karnataka (M. Arunachalam, pers. comm.). Even though the potential range of this fish could be large, currently it is known only from two basins with area of occupancy of around 1,600-2,000 km².
India (Goa, Karnataka)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No information is known about the precise population status of Puntius setnai. The species is reported to be common in Hoshangadi, Karnataka (Yazdani and Ghate 1994), however, Menon (1999) has considered this species to be rare. This species is also rare in southern Karnataka (M. Arunachalam , pers comm.).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Puntius setnai is found in shallow and clear hill streams (Yazdani and Ghate 1994, Menon 1999) with leaf litter. It attains a length of 57 mm total length (Menon 1999).
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: No precise information is known about use and trade of this species. However, Chhapgar and Sane (1992) have suggested that the species exported from India, called Indigo Barb (Barbus narayani), for the pet trade is actually Puntius setnai.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The area in which Puntius setnai is found is affected by tourism, urbanization and agricultural pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No specific conservation action plan is in place to save Puntius setnai. However, site protection could be helpful. Research is essential to understand the population status, life history, ecology and threats to the species.

Citation: Dahanukar, N. 2013. Puntius setnai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 22 May 2015.
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