|Scientific Name:||Hippocampus severnsi|
|Species Authority:||Lourie & Kuiter, 2008|
Hippocampus severnsi is named in honour of Mike Severns who, with Hence Pontoh, collected the first specimens (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kleiber, D. & Lourie, S.|
H. severnsi is a recently discovered species of pygmy seahorse. Because Lourie and Kuiter (2008) is the first documented record of this species, there is not enough available information to evaluate it under any of the IUCN criteria.
H. severnsi is known from Indonesia (Bunaken, Wakatobi, Raja Ampat Islands, Kawe Island), Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay, Madang), Solomon Islands (Mborokua) and Fiji (Lourie and Kuiter 2008) and Australia (Cairns) (see the species image and description on the Australian Museum web site).
Native:Australia; Fiji; Indonesia; Japan; Papua New Guinea; Solomon Islands
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
|Lower depth limit (metres):||20|
|Upper depth limit (metres):||8|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
H. severnsi is found between depths of 8–20 m and is apparently more active in the morning and late afternoon when it is not in direct sunlight. In Indonesia, it has been found with Catenicella sp. a yellow bryozoan species, as well as different kinds of hydrozoans including Lytocarpus phoenicea, Antennellopsis integerrima and Halicordyle disticha. It has been seen swimming over a fungiid coral and is recorded from fissures on current-swept walls where it will tend to occur on the side of the fissure that faces away from the current, but in all cases where there is some upward current (Lourie and Kuiter 2008). In Papua New Guinea it has been observed on a gorgonian coral of the genus Muricella at 12 m depth (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
|Major Threat(s):||None known.|
|Conservation Actions:||None known. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.|
|Citation:||Sorensen, M. 2010. Hippocampus severnsi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T172283A6864117. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-1.RLTS.T172283A6864117.en . Downloaded on 09 October 2015.|
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