|Scientific Name:||Allium macedonicum Zahar.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Allium macedonicum Zahar. is a tertiary wild relative of a number of crops in the allium group, including onion (A. cepa L.), Welsh onion (A. fistulosum L.), leek (A. porrum L.), garlic (A. sativum L.) and chives (A. schoenoprasum L.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Nieto, A. & Maxted, N.|
Allium macedonicum is assessed as Data Deficient as there is currently insufficient information available to evaluate this species. It was classified as Rare in the list of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe (1982 edition) (Council of Europe 1983) and the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants (Walter and Gillett 1998), which means it was considered to be at risk almost 30 years ago. Information about the population size, trend and potential threats is needed, as well as its in situ and ex situ conservation status.
|Range Description:||Endemic to northeast Greece (Pangaion) (Tutin et al. 1980, Govaerts et al. 2005–2007), where it has been found growing on the mountains of Tzena, Pangeon and Orvilos (Strid and Tan 1991).|
Native:Greece (Greece (mainland))
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Further research is needed to gather information about the population size and trend of this species.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||According to Tutin et al. (1980) it grows in sandy ground at altitudes of 1,650–1,700 m, while Strid and Tan (1991) note that it grows on limestone in dry, rocky grassland from 700–1,200 m to 2,000 m.|
|Use and Trade:||A tertiary wild relative of and potential gene donor to a number of crops in the allium group, including onion (A. cepa), Welsh onion (A. fistulosum), leek (A. porrum), garlic (A. sativum) and chives (A. schoenoprasum).|
Further research is needed to gather information about the potential threats to this species.
No germplasm accessions of A. macedonicum are reported by EURISCO to be held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). A review of the ex situ conservation status of this species is required and germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage should be carried out as necessary.
It was listed in the list of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe (1982 edition) (Council of Europe 1983) and the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants (Walter and Gillett 1998) as Rare (R) (not Endangered or Vulnerable, but at risk).
Information about the population size, trend and potential threats is needed, as well as its in situ conservation status.
|Citation:||Kell, S.P. 2011. Allium macedonicum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172147A6837287.Downloaded on 19 November 2017.|
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