|Scientific Name:||Panulirus japonicus|
|Species Authority:||(Von Siebold, 1824)|
Palinurus japonicus von Siebold, 1824
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.|
|Contributor(s):||Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.|
Panulirus japonicus has been assessed as Data Deficient. Although the landings of this species are reported to be stable, an appropriate index of abundance is required to determine population stability.
|Range Description:||This species is known from Japan (38º30'N to the Ryukyu Islands), Korea, China and Taiwan (Holthuis 1991).|
Native:China; Japan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Taiwan, Province of China
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – northwest
|Lower depth limit (metres):||15|
|Upper depth limit (metres):||1|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for this species.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found on exposed rocky shores at a depth range of 1-15 m (Kittaka and Kimura 1989, Holthuis 1991).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is harvested as a food source.|
This species is harvested in Japan, South Korea and China. Landings of this species in Japan, are said to have remained stable at 1,000-1,500 tonnes annually since the beginning of the 20th century, as a result of strict controls on fishing gear, fishing seasons, and fishing grounds (Kawaguchi 1983). However, between 1975 and 1985, the national landings of this species declined to approximately 1,050 metric tons annually (Nonaka 1988). Current demand for lobster in Japan far exceeds the domestic supply with imports making up over 90% of the lobsters sold in Japan (Anonymous 1990).
Research into larval production of lobsters, with emphasis on this species, has been undertaken in Japan (Kittaka 1988, Yamakawa et al. 1989, Kittaka and Kimura 1989). With advances in mass larval production, the possibility of restocking/enhancing the fishery has become a realistic option (Yamakawa et al. 1989, Kittaka and Kimura 1989).
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. Further research is required to attain an appropriate index of abundance for this species, and to establish the extent to which it is impacted upon by threats within its range.|
|Citation:||Chan, T.Y. 2013. Panulirus japonicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T170006A6704413. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T170006A6704413.en . Downloaded on 05 October 2015.|
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