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Echinochloa crusgalli 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Poales Poaceae

Scientific Name: Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P.Beauv.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-03-02
Assessor(s): Gupta, A.K. & Lansdown, R.V.
Reviewer(s): Smith, K. & García, N.
Contributor(s): Knees, S.G., Patzelt, A., Neale, S. & Williams, L.
Justification:

This species is assessed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations and does not face any major threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is apparently native to an area stretching from southern Europe east through the Middle East to the Indian sub-continent, but it has been introduced to virtually the rest of the world.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Albania; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; China; Croatia; Estonia; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Greece (Greece (mainland), Kriti); India (Assam, Delhi, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu-Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lithuania; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Montenegro; Portugal (Azores - Introduced, Madeira - Introduced, Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central Asian Russia, Eastern Asian Russia, European Russia); Saudi Arabia; Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia); Slovenia; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is. - Introduced, Spain (mainland)); Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Arab Emirates; Yemen (North Yemen)
Introduced:
Algeria; Austria; Belgium; Botswana; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland I, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec, Saskatchewan); Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt (Egypt (African part)); Fiji; Germany; Hungary; Lesotho; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island)); Mexico; Morocco; Netherlands; New Zealand (Chatham Is., Kermadec Is., North Is., South Is.); Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Poland; Puerto Rico; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Northern Cape Province); Switzerland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tunisia; Uganda; United States (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaiian Is., Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Viet Nam
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is abundant throughout much of its range and it is likely that it continues to colonize new areas.
Current Population Trend:Increasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

The species will occur in a wide range of wetlands and is often a common weed in paddy fields, roadsides, cultivated areas, and fallow fields.

Systems:Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

This grass is used as cattle fodder and is sometimes cultivated for this purpose. It is also suited for silage but not for hay. It is fed green to animals and provides fodder throughout the year.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

There are no conservation measures in place and none needed.


Citation: Gupta, A.K. & Lansdown, R.V. 2013. Echinochloa crusgalli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T169069A1270144. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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