|Scientific Name:||Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P.Beauv.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Gupta, A.K. & Lansdown, R.V.|
|Reviewer(s):||Smith, K. & García, N.|
|Contributor(s):||Knees, S.G., Patzelt, A., Neale, S. & Williams, L.|
This species is assessed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations and does not face any major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is apparently native to an area stretching from southern Europe east through the Middle East to the Indian sub-continent, but it has been introduced to virtually the rest of the world.|
Native:Albania; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; China; Croatia; Estonia; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Greece (Greece (mainland), Kriti); India (Assam, Delhi, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu-Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lithuania; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Montenegro; Portugal (Azores - Introduced, Madeira - Introduced, Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central Asian Russia, Eastern Asian Russia, European Russia); Saudi Arabia; Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia); Slovenia; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is. - Introduced, Spain (mainland)); Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Arab Emirates; Yemen (North Yemen)
Introduced:Algeria; Austria; Belgium; Botswana; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland I, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec, Saskatchewan); Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt (Egypt (African part)); Fiji; Germany; Hungary; Lesotho; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island)); Mexico; Morocco; Netherlands; New Zealand (Chatham Is., Kermadec Is., North Is., South Is.); Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Poland; Puerto Rico; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Northern Cape Province); Switzerland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tunisia; Uganda; United States (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaiian Is., Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Viet Nam
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is abundant throughout much of its range and it is likely that it continues to colonize new areas.|
|Current Population Trend:||Increasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
The species will occur in a wide range of wetlands and is often a common weed in paddy fields, roadsides, cultivated areas, and fallow fields.
|Use and Trade:||
This grass is used as cattle fodder and is sometimes cultivated for this purpose. It is also suited for silage but not for hay. It is fed green to animals and provides fodder throughout the year.
There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.
There are no conservation measures in place and none needed.
|Citation:||Gupta, A.K. & Lansdown, R.V. 2013. Echinochloa crusgalli. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T169069A1270144.Downloaded on 15 October 2018.|
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