Channa striata 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Channidae

Scientific Name: Channa striata (Bloch, 1793)
Common Name(s):
English Snakehead Murrel, Asian Snakehead, Chevron Snakehead, Common Snakehead, Striped Snakehead
Ophiocephalus striatus Bloch, 1793
Taxonomic Source(s): Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 27: 1-663.
Taxonomic Notes:

As presently understood, Channa striata is a species complex.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-06
Assessor(s): Chaudhry, S.
Reviewer(s): Britz, R., Dey, S.C., Jha, B.R. & Allen, D.J.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
As currently understood, Channa striata is a species complex.  It is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats and is currently assessed as Least Concern, however the species requires taxonomic review and it should be re-assessed when this has been undertaken.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The species is recorded from Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, Viet Nam, Thailand and southern China. Possibly present in Bhutan.
Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Viet Nam
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no information on the population and its trends for this species.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Unknown
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Inhabits swamps, freshwater ponds, streams and tanks in the plains; prefers stagnant muddy waters and grassy tanks.  It breeds in the rainy season.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This is an important food fish for local use and trade. This species is fairly common in the plains of India and is the mainstay of the tank fishery in Tamil Nadu. Breeds mostly during the rainy season; the female matures at a size of about 30 cm when two years old, and lays from a few hundred to over a thousand amber-coloured eggs. A popular and highly priced fish especially when freshly caught. This species is the most widely distributed and economically important member of the genus. It attains a length of 60 to 75 cm; common size 30 to 40 cm. It is cultivated in India, Myanmar and Pakistan; tolerates slightly brackish water.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are not known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This is a species complex and requires taxonomic revision.

Citation: Chaudhry, S. 2010. Channa striata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166563A6237224. . Downloaded on 19 April 2018.
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