Aplocheilus panchax 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Cyprinodontiformes Aplocheilidae

Scientific Name: Aplocheilus panchax (Hamilton, 1822)
Common Name(s):
English Blue Panchax
Esox panchax Hamilton, 1822
Taxonomic Source(s): Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 27: 1-663.
Taxonomic Notes: The species is in need of taxonomic review due to its apparent wide range.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-01
Assessor(s): Chaudhry, S.
Reviewer(s): Jha, B.R., Allen, D.J., Datta, N.C., Britz, R. & Dey, S.C.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats, Aplocheillus panchax is assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Reported from Pakistan (Lower Indus plain and adjoining hilly areas), India (mainly northeastern and northern), and from Bangladesh, Myanmar,Sri Lanka, and Nepal. The taxonomic status of records from Viet Nam, Cambodia and the Indo-Malayasian archipelago must be verified. It been introduced in some areas for mosquito control (R. Britz pers. comm.).
Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; India; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:No information available, but wide ranging.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Unknown
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It inhabits clear, shallow and brackish waters at low attitudes.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The blue panchax is a larvivorous fish and its utility for mosquito control has been established. A profile perennial breeder with a spawning maximum in the monsoon months (June-August). Breeds at 8 cm & attains a length of 9 cm. Maturity is attained in 4-5 months. The eggs, when laid, are attached to submerged vegetation and hatch out in 9 to 14 days depending on temperature, aeration and other physio-chemical conditions of the water. Selective breeding has led to the production of very beautiful varieties, some of which have been dignified with scientific names (lutescens, mattei, etc). Although not very colourful, this medium-sized fish gets along well with other species of its size or longer, and breeds readily.

It is included in the aquarium trade, and is used in the preparation of fish paste in Myanmar.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation not required; research into the species taxonomy is required, as it may be a species complex.

Citation: Chaudhry, S. 2010. Aplocheilus panchax. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166477A6217415. . Downloaded on 22 April 2018.
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