|Scientific Name:||Aplocheilus panchax (Hamilton, 1822)|
Esox panchax Hamilton, 1822
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 27: 1-663.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The species is in need of taxonomic review due to its apparent wide range.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Jha, B.R., Allen, D.J., Datta, N.C., Britz, R. & Dey, S.C.|
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats, Aplocheillus panchax is assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Reported from Pakistan (Lower Indus plain and adjoining hilly areas), India (mainly northeastern and northern), and from Bangladesh, Myanmar,Sri Lanka, and Nepal. The taxonomic status of records from Viet Nam, Cambodia and the Indo-Malayasian archipelago must be verified. It been introduced in some areas for mosquito control (R. Britz pers. comm.).|
Native:Bangladesh; India; Myanmar; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No information available, but wide ranging.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It inhabits clear, shallow and brackish waters at low attitudes.|
|Use and Trade:||
The blue panchax is a larvivorous fish and its utility for mosquito control has been established. A profile perennial breeder with a spawning maximum in the monsoon months (June-August). Breeds at 8 cm & attains a length of 9 cm. Maturity is attained in 4-5 months. The eggs, when laid, are attached to submerged vegetation and hatch out in 9 to 14 days depending on temperature, aeration and other physio-chemical conditions of the water. Selective breeding has led to the production of very beautiful varieties, some of which have been dignified with scientific names (lutescens, mattei, etc). Although not very colourful, this medium-sized fish gets along well with other species of its size or longer, and breeds readily.
It is included in the aquarium trade, and is used in the preparation of fish paste in Myanmar.
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||Conservation not required; research into the species taxonomy is required, as it may be a species complex.|
|Citation:||Chaudhry, S. 2010. Aplocheilus panchax. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166477A6217415.Downloaded on 17 October 2017.|
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