|Scientific Name:||Seriola rivoliana Valenciennes, 1833|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Eschmeyer, W.N. and Fricke, R. (eds). 2015. Catalog of Fishes: genera, species, references. Updated 1 October 2015. Available at: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp. (Accessed: 1 October 2015).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Curtis, M., Williams, J.T., Brown, J. & Pina Amargos, F.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Strongin, K., Polidoro, B., Carpenter, K.E. & Comeros-Raynal, M.|
This pelagic species is widely distributed, very common and locally abundant where it occurs in oceanic waters. It is a component of artisanal fisheries in many parts of its range. There are no major threats known, therefore it is assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Seriola rivoliana is circumtropical in marine waters, entering temperate waters in some areas. In the western Atlantic Ocean it is known from Cape Cod, Massachusetts south along the U.S., Bermuda, the Bahamas, throughout the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea, and along South America to Buenos Aires, Argentina including Trinidade Island (Simon et al. 2013). In the eastern Atlantic it is known from Portugal, the western Mediterranean, along West Africa to Namibia, including Madeira, Azores, Ascension, and Canary Islands (Friedlander et al. 2014, Wirtz et al. 2014). In the Indo-Pacific it is known along East Africa from Somalia to South Africa, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, southern Japan, Australia, and the Hawaiian Islands (Smith-Vaniz 2002). In the eastern Pacific it is known from southern California (USA) to Peru including offshore islands. Its depth range is 3-250 m. It is commonly misidentified as Seriola dumerili, making market data unreliable (B. Smith-Vaniz pers. comm. 2013).|
Native:Algeria; American Samoa; Angola; Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Belize; Benin; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Brazil; British Indian Ocean Territory; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Cameroon; Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile (Easter Is.); China; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Comoros; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Croatia; Cuba; Curaçao; Disputed Territory (Paracel Is., Spratly Is.); Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador (Ecuador (mainland), Galápagos); El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Fiji; France (Clipperton I.); French Guiana; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories (Mozambique Channel Is.); Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guam; Guatemala; Guernsey; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Hong Kong; India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati (Kiribati Line Is., Phoenix Is.); Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Liberia; Libya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mayotte; Mexico; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Monaco; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nauru; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Pitcairn; Portugal (Azores, Madeira); Puerto Rico; Réunion; Russian Federation; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Spain (Canary Is.); Sri Lanka; Suriname; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Islands; Tuvalu; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is., Johnston I., Wake Is.); Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Western Sahara; Yemen
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Atlantic – western central; Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – northwest; Atlantic – southeast; Atlantic – southwest; Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Seriola rivoliana is well represented in museum collections and can be common and locally abundant. It is common in Cuba (F. Pina-Amargos pers. comm. 2012).|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Seriola rivoliana is mostly pelagic and epibenthic in oceanic waters, it is rarely found inshore. Prey items consist mostly of fish. Maximum size is to 80 cm fork length (FL), but common to 55 cm FL (Smith-Vaniz 2002). It forms spawning aggregations in Gladden Spit, Belize (Heyman 2001). There is a record of 119 cm total length (TL) captured from Golfito, Costa Rica (International Game and Fish Association 2012).|
|Use and Trade:||
Seriola rivoliana is caught on handlines and with hook-and-line. It is a component of artisanal fisheries in many parts of its range in the Caribbean. It is not targeted commercially (Smith-Vaniz 2002). It is a potential aquaculture species (e.g., Hawaii) (NOAA aquaculture report October 2007). In the Gulf of Tribuga, northern Colombian Pacific, it was among the top ten species captured in artisanal fisheries utilizing hand lines and long lines (Tobon-Lopez et al. 2008).
In the Gulf of Mexico off Mexico, it is taken as bycatch in gillnet, longline and handline fisheries (SAGARPA 2012). It is incidental and a small component of the commercial amberjack fishery in U.S. waters. Its occurrence in the fishery has been slightly increasing since about 1990.
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats known for this species. There are no indications at present time of regional declines from harvesting.|
|Conservation Actions:||Seriola rivoliana is included in the snapper-grouper complex and is managed by the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (SAFMC). The commercial harvest of the jacks complex (Seriola fasciata and S. zonata ) is closed, effective 2 July 2012 until 1 January 2013. All harvest or possession of Almaco Jack, Banded Rudderfish, and Lesser Amberjack in or from South Atlantic federal waters is restricted to the bag and possession limits and the sale or purchase of such fish is prohibited (SAFMC Fishery Bulletin, accessed 9 August 2012). Minimum size regulations for S. dumerili in Florida provide incidental conservation of this smaller species.|
|Citation:||Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Curtis, M., Williams, J.T., Brown, J. & Pina Amargos, F. 2015. Seriola rivoliana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T16507347A16510402.Downloaded on 15 October 2018.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|