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Vipera anatolica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA REPTILIA SQUAMATA VIPERIDAE

Scientific Name: Vipera anatolica
Species Authority: Eiselt & Baran, 1970
Taxonomic Notes: This species was elevated to species status from Vipera ursinii anatolica by Nilson and Andrén (2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor/s: Varol Tok, Ishmail Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Ulrich Joger, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu
Reviewer/s: Neil Cox and Helen Temple
Justification:
Listed as Critically Endangered, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2, its Area of Occupancy is presumed to be less than 10km2, it is known from only a single location, and there is probably a continuing decline in the number of mature individuals due to collection and persecution of the species.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from one locality, Kohu Dag, 20km east of Elmali, in southwestern Anatolia, Turkey (Nilsen and Andrén, 2001). It has been recorded around 1,500-1,900 asl. It might occur more widely but surveys for this species in the region have failed to find it, suggesting that it is probably a range-restricted species.
Countries:
Native:
Turkey
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is an extremely rare species (Avci and Kumlutaş, pers. comm. 2008).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is known from montane, open, Mediterranean forest. It prefers open areas so can benefit from some logging. It is a ovoviviparous species (Kumlutaş, pers. comm. 2008).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is a very restricted range species. There is some collection of the species for the pet-trade and possibly for scientific collections. Farmers that seasonally use the area persecute the snake as they are not sure if it is dangerous. The species' habitat is not currently threatened.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in the protected cedar forest reserve Ciglikara Ormani in the Turkish western Taurus Mountains (Göran Nilson pers. comm., October 2008). Further research is needed to confirm the range, population status of this species, and the impact of collection.
Citation: Varol Tok, Ishmail Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Pierre-André Crochet, Ulrich Joger, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu 2009. Vipera anatolica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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