|Scientific Name:||Myriophyllum spicatum L.|
Myriophyllum montanum Martrin-Donos
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Contributor(s):||Beentje, H.J., Ghogue, J.-P., Ali, M.M., Patzelt, A., Knees, S.G., Neale, S. & Williams, L.|
This species does not face any major threats and is widespread, occupying an extensive non-native range.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species occurs more or less throughout the Old World and as a non-native in North America. It ranges from Europe into and throughout Africa, and east to China, Japan and the Korean peninsula and south into Indonesia, but is absent from Australasia.|
Native:Albania; Algeria; Austria; Bangladesh; Belarus; Belgium; Bhutan; Botswana; Bulgaria; Burundi; Cambodia; Cameroon; China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin, Tibet [or Xizang], Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt (Egypt (African part)); Eritrea; Estonia; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guernsey; Hungary; Iceland; India (Jammu-Kashmir); Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Japan; Jersey; Jordan; Kenya; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Moldova; Namibia; Netherlands; Nigeria; Norway; Pakistan; Philippines; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, East European Russia, European Russia, Kaliningrad, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia); Saudi Arabia; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Marion-Prince Edward Is., Northern Cape Province, North-West Province, Western Cape); Spain (Baleares, Spain (mainland)); Sudan; Sweden; Switzerland; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland); Viet Nam; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Introduced:Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec); United States (Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species appears to be widespread and abundant throughout most of its range. There is no information available on population trends for this species.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Myriophyllum spicatum occurs in lakes, rivers, streams, canals and ditches. It prefers base-rich water systems with high dissolved inorganic carbon, nitrate, nitrite and pH, and in hydrosoil with high phosphate and organic matter contents.|
|Use and Trade:||
Myriophyllum spicatum may be sold for domestic ponds but this is certainly not common in northern Europe. In parts of Asia the species is used to help clean polluted water (e.g. Viet Nam).
There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.
There are no conservation measures in place or likely to be needed. This is a widespread invasive species.
|Citation:||Lansdown, R.V. 2017. Myriophyllum spicatum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T164481A84291750.Downloaded on 28 May 2018.|
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