Typha domingensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Typha domingensis
Species Authority: Pers.
Common Name(s):
French Massette Australe
Typha angustifolia L. subspecies domingensis (Pers.) Rohrb.
Typha australis Schum. & Thonn.
Typha gigantea Schur ex Kunth
Typha javanica Schnizl. ex Rohrb.
Typha javanica Schnizl. ex Rohrb.
Typha pontica Klok. fil. & A. Krasnova
Typha abyssinica Rchb.f. ex Rohrb.
Typha aequalis Schnizl.
Typha aethiopica Kronf.
Typha americana Rich. ex Rohrb.
Typha angustata Bory & Chaub.
Typha angustata subsp. aethiopica (Rohrb.) Kronf.
Typha angustata var. abyssinica (Rchb.f. ex Rohrb.) Graebn.
Typha angustata var. aethiopica Rohrb.
Typha angustata var. gracilis Nyman
Typha angustata var. leptocarpa Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia subsp. angustata (Bory & Chaub.) Briq.
Typha angustifolia subsp. australis (Schumach.) Kronf.
Typha angustifolia subsp. domingensis (Pers.) Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia subsp. javanica (Schnizl. ex Rohrb.) Graebn.
Typha angustifolia var. australis (Schumach.) Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia var. brownii (Kunth) Kronf.
Typha angustifolia var. domingensis (Pers.) Hemsl.
Typha angustifolia var. domingensis (Pers.) Griseb.
Typha angustifolia var. virginica Tidestr.
Typha australis Schumach.
Typha basedowii Graebn.
Typha bracteata Greene
Typha brownii Kunth
Typha damiattica Ehrenb. ex Rohrb
Typha domingensis var. australis (Schumach.) Gèze
Typha domingensis var. javanica (Schnizl. ex Rohrb.) Gèze
Typha domingensis var. sachetiae Fosberg
Typha ehrenbergii Schur ex Rohrb.
Typha essequeboensis G.Mey. ex Rohrb.
Typha gracilis Schur
Typha macranthelia Webb & Berthel.
Typha maxima Schur ex Rohrb.
Typha media Bory & Chaub.
Typha salgirica Krasnova
Typha tenuifolia Kunth
Typha truxillensis Kunth
Taxonomic Notes:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-05-29
Assessor(s): Gupta, A.K.
Reviewer(s): Juffe Bignoli, D., Zhuang, X., Homsombath, K. & García, N.

This is a widespread species which faces no major threat. It is listed as Least Concern.

2013 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is widespread in the tropics and subtropics and warm temperate regions ranging from Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America.
Albania; Algeria; Angola (Angola); Australia; Bangladesh; Benin; Bhutan; Botswana; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Chad; China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Croatia; Cyprus; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; India; Indonesia; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Kenya; Kuwait; Lebanon; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Malawi; Malaysia; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nepal; New Zealand; Niger; Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Philippines; Portugal (Azores, Portugal (mainland)); Qatar; Romania; Russian Federation (South European Russia); Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Somalia; South Africa; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Sri Lanka; Sudan; Swaziland; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Uganda; Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Arab Emirates; United States (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Wyoming); Viet Nam; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a very common species that colonizes a wide variety of habitats. It aggressively invades and forms nearly pure stands in brackish or nutrient-enriched wetlands.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in shallow water of lakes, ponds, rivers, swamps and channels.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

Typha spp. have a wide range of uses around the world. This species is used for its medicinal properties, ornamental value and as a source of material, fibre and biomass.

For example, the leaves are diuretic, the pollen is astringent, desiccant, diuretic, and haemostatic. The stems and leaves have many uses, they make a good thatch, can be used in making paper, can be woven into mats, chairs, hats etc. They are a good source of biomass, making an excellent addition to the compost heap or used as a source of fuel. A fibre obtained from the roots can be used for making string. The hairs of the fruits are used for stuffing pillows. They have good insulating properties. The pollen is highly inflammable and is used in making fireworks. This plant's extensive root system makes it very good for stabilizing wet soil.

In India, this species is used for weaving, whilst the rhizome is astringent and diuretic, the immature inflorescence is used as food (Cook 1996).

Also, its flowers, leaves, roots, pollen, seed and stem are edible.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No threats to this species have been described.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures in place or needed.

Citation: Gupta, A.K. 2013. Typha domingensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 22 May 2015.
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