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Typha domingensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Liliopsida Typhales Typhaceae

Scientific Name: Typha domingensis Pers.
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Southern Cat-tail
French Massette Australe
Synonym(s):
Typha angustata Bory & Chaub. ssp. aethiopica (Rohrb.) Kronf.
Typha angustata Bory & Chaub. var. abyssinica (Rchb.f. ex Rohrb.) Graebn.
Typha angustata var. aethiopica Rohrb.
Typha angustata Bory & Chaub. var. gracilis Nyman
Typha angustata Bory & Chaub. var. leptocarpa Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia L. ssp. angustata (Bory & Chaub.) Briq.
Typha angustifolia L. ssp. australis (Schumach.) Kronf.
Typha angustifolia L. ssp. domingensis (Pers.) Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia L. ssp. domingensis (Pers.) Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia L. ssp. javanica (Schnizl. ex Rohrb.) Graebn.
Typha angustifolia L. var. australis (Schumach.) Rohrb.
Typha angustifolia L. var. brownii (Kunth) Kronf.
Typha angustifolia L. var. domingensis (Pers.) Griseb.
Typha angustifolia L. var. domingensis (Pers.) Hemsl.
Typha angustifolia L. var. virginica Tidestr.
Typha australis Schum. & Thonn.
Typha domingensis Pers. var. australis (Schumach.) Gèze
Typha domingensis Pers. var. javanica (Schnizl. ex Rohrb.) Gèze
Typha domingensis Pers. var. sachetiae Fosberg
Typha gigantea Schur ex Kunth
Typha javanica Schnizl. ex Rohrb.
Typha javanica Schnizl. ex Rohrb.
Typha pontica Klok. fil. & A. Krasnova
Typha abyssinica Rchb.f. ex Rohrb.
Typha aequalis Schnizl.
Typha aethiopica Kronf.
Typha americana Rich. ex Rohrb.
Typha angustata Bory & Chaub.
Typha australis Schumach.
Typha basedowii Graebn.
Typha bracteata Greene
Typha brownii Kunth
Typha damiattica Ehrenb. ex Rohrb
Typha ehrenbergii Schur ex Rohrb.
Typha essequeboensis G.Mey. ex Rohrb.
Typha gracilis Schur
Typha macranthelia Webb & Berthel.
Typha maxima Schur ex Rohrb.
Typha media Bory & Chaub.
Typha salgirica Krasnova
Typha tenuifolia Kunth
Typha truxillensis Kunth

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-06-14
Assessor(s): Gupta, A.K. & Beentje, H.J.
Reviewer(s): Luke, W.R.Q.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Maiz-Tome, L.
Justification:

This species has been assessed as Least Concern as it is a widespread species which faces no significant threats.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:It is widespread in the tropics, subtropics and warm temperate regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, and North and South America.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Albania; Algeria; Angola; Australia; Bangladesh; Benin; Bhutan; Botswana; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Croatia; Cyprus; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; India; Indonesia; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Kenya; Kuwait; Lebanon; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nepal; New Zealand; Niger; Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Philippines; Portugal (Azores, Portugal (mainland)); Qatar; Romania; Russian Federation (European Russia, South European Russia); Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Slovenia; Somalia; South Africa; South Sudan; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Sri Lanka; Sudan; Swaziland; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Uganda; Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Arab Emirates; United States (Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Wyoming); Viet Nam; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2550
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a very common species that colonies a wide variety of habitats and forms nearly monospecific stands in brackish or nutrient-enriched wetlands.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in the shallow water of lakes, ponds, rivers, swamps and channels.
Systems:Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

Typha spp. have a wide range of uses around the world. This species is utilised for its medicinal properties, ornamental value and as a source of material, fibre and biomass.

For example, the leaves are diuretic, the pollen is astringent, desiccant, diuretic, and haemostatic. The stems and leaves have many uses: they make good thatching and can be used to make paper and be woven into mats, chairs, hats etc. They are also a good biomass material, making an excellent addition to the compost heap or used as a source of fuel. A fibre obtained from the roots can be used for making string. The hairs of the fruits are used to stuff pillows and have good insulating properties. The pollen is highly inflammable and is used for making fireworks. This plant's extensive root system makes it very good for stabilising wet soil.

In India, this species is used for weaving whilst the rhizome is astringent and diuretic. The immature inflorescence is used as food (Cook 1996).

Also, its flowers, leaves, roots, pollen, seed and stem are edible.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No threats to this species have been described.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures in place or needed.

Citation: Gupta, A.K. & Beentje, H.J. 2017. Typha domingensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T164208A84299841. . Downloaded on 22 September 2017.
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