|Scientific Name:||Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(i,ii,iii) (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D.|
|Reviewer(s):||Shmida, A., Şenol, S.G., Sattout, E., Benhouhou, S. & Bilz, M. (IUCN Species Programme)|
The species has an area of occupancy below 500 km² and it occurs in six severely fragmented locations. Some sites have already been extinct, and the extent of occurrence and area of occupancy as well as the quality of the habitat are declining.
|Range Description:||Bacopa monnieri is a species of the tropical and subtropical regions of America, Africa and Australia and in the Mediterranean region it occurs in Israel, Palestine, Jordan and Egypt.|
Its extent of occurrence covers over 20,000 km², within which the area of occupancy is below 500 km², and it is present in more than six locations.
Native:Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Israel; Jordan
Regionally extinct:Palestinian Territory, Occupied
|Population:||The species is fairly common in the Mediterranean region with relatively stable populations (large propagation by shoot multiplication). |
In Egypt, it is found along the Nile, the Suez Canal and in the Sinai Peninsula. It is very common in Israel, in the wetlands of the Mediterranean front and in the desert and sub-desert regions. In the Palestine Territories, the populations have gone extinct.
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a creeping, perennial, herbaceous plant (Hemicryptophyte) that inhabits ponds, canals, humid ditches and swampy habitats. Flowering occurs between spring and autumn (April to October). It propagates by shoot multiplication.|
|Use and Trade:||The species is cultivated because its leaves are used for medicinal purposes (memory and learning enhancer).|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to this species are the drainage and agricultural usage of its habitat.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no conservation measures in place, it is therefore recommended to monitor the existing sites and to manage the harvest and trade of the species.|
|Citation:||Rhazi, L., Grillas, P., Rhazi, M. & Flanagan, D. 2010. Bacopa monnieri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T164168A5762067.Downloaded on 26 April 2018.|
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