|Scientific Name:||Centaurea kalambakensis|
|Species Authority:||Freyn & Sint.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Delipetrou, P. & Bazos, I.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bilz, M. & Collett, L.|
Centaurea kalambakensis is endemic to Greece and found at two locations with a suspected extent of occurrence (EOO) of approximately 4.5 km² and an area of occupancy (AOO) of 4 km². Based on current knowledge of the low number of location and very small EOO, this species is precautionary assessed as Vulnerable. Due to its range being within a protected area in inaccessible sites, its current threat status appears low, although should research highlight any threat, a decline would render the species Critically Endangered. Research on potential threats is urgently needed.
Centaurea kalambakensis is endemic to Greece. Recently the plant was mapped at two locations, one near Theopetra village (which corresponds to the old location of the locus classicus; Phitos et al. 1995) and one approximately 1.7 km northeast of Kalambaka town (Petermann and Grigoriadis 2001).
Based on the above, the plant has been found at two locations which therefore presents the extent of occurrence as approximately 4.5 km² and area of occupancy as 4 km² (based on a 2x2 km grid).
Native:Greece (Greece (mainland))
|Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:||4|
|Number of Locations:||2|
|Lower elevation limit (metres):||250|
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||600|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||According to Phitos et al. (1995), the population at Meteora exceeds 300 individuals. There is no information on the total population size or trend.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It grows in crevices on the vertical slopes of a large rock, mainly occupying southern- and western-exposed sides (Commission of the European Communities 2009).|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threats to this species are not known. It grows in inaccessible places which should provide some protection, however, a drastic change in its habitat could pose a serious threat to its survival.|
The species is listed as priority species on Annex II of the Habitats Directive and under Appendix I of the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention). It is protected in Greece by the Presidential Decree 67/81 and included in the Red Data Book (Phitos et al. 1995). The localities of the plant at Meteora and Kalambaka lie within the NATURA 2000 site GR1440003. Information on the population size and potential threats affecting this species is needed, as well as monitoring.
|Citation:||Delipetrou, P. & Bazos, I. 2013. Centaurea kalambakensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T162306A5571590. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T162306A5571590.en . Downloaded on 09 October 2015.|
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