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Chirocentrodon bleekerianus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CLUPEIFORMES CLUPEIDAE

Scientific Name: Chirocentrodon bleekerianus
Species Authority: (Poey, 1867)
Common Name(s):
English Dogtooth Herring, Spiny Toothed Herringlet
Spanish Anchoa Pelada, Arenquillo Denton, Arenquillo Dentón, Pez Rey
French Poisson-papier Dentu
Synonym(s):
Chirocentrodon cladileokae Tommazi, 1964
Chirocentrodon taeniatus Günther, 1868
Ilisha caribbaea Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
Ilisha caribbea Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
Pellona bleekeriana Poey, 1867

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-02-04
Assessor(s): Priede, I.G.
Reviewer(s): Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.
Contributor(s): De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.
Justification:
Chirocentrodon bleekerianus has been assessed as Least Concern. This species is known from a number of coastal habitats that undergo daily fluctuations in environmental conditions. While this species is harvested as a food source, fisheries only operate at a subsistence scale. This species is reportedly abundant in areas of its wide range. Monitoring of the harvest levels of this species is suggested to ensure that stocks do not become over-exploited.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The Dogtooth Herring, Chirocentrodon bleekerianus, is found from the southern Caribbean and Panama, to the coastal waters of Rio Grande do Sul State in Brazil.
Countries:
Native:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Barbados; Belize; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Brazil; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire); Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In 1999 - 2000 this species was reported to be one of the most abundant species off the coast of Parana in Brazil. It is also reported to be common in the region of Parangua Bay and adjacent beaches of Shangri-la and Leste, Brazil (Correa et al. 2005).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The Dogtooth Herring is a coastal schooling species found in bays and estuaries as well as lagoons and just off river mouths, to depths of 40 m. It is tolerant of lowered water salinity. This is a migratory species that spawns in winter months. This species feeds on larger clupeoid fishes and caridean shrimps. Correa et al. (2005) found this species fed predominantly on copepods and diatomaceous algae.
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Chirocentrodon bleekerianus is harvested on a subsistence scale as a food source.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is harvested on a subsistence scale as a food source. There are no known catch statistics for this species, however considering the scale of this fishery and the reported abundance of this species, the harvesting of this species is unlikely to constitute a major threat to this species at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known species-specific conservation measures in place for this species, however it may be found to occur in a number of coastal marine protected areas affording it protection from harvest.

Citation: Priede, I.G. 2010. Chirocentrodon bleekerianus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2014.
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