|Scientific Name:||Melletes papilio|
|Species Authority:||Bean, 1880|
Hemilepidotus papilio (Bean, 1880)
Melletes papilio Bean, 1880
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.|
|Contributor(s):||De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.|
The Butterfly Sculpin, Melletes papilio, has been assessed as Least Concern. Despite the threat of being taken as by-catch by commercial fisheries there is no known evidence of this species undergoing significant population declines. Monitoring of the population numbers and harvest levels of this species is needed to ensure incidental harvest does not pose a major threat to the population.
|Range Description:||The Butterfly Sculpin, M. papilio, is known from the Chukchi Sea in the Arctic, and the Kuril and Commander Islands. This species is not found in the Bering Sea, despite many reports of it being found there (D.E. Stevenson pers. comm. 2007).|
Native:Japan (Hokkaido); Russian Federation (Kuril Is., Magadan)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Arctic Sea; Pacific – northwest
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for M. papilio.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The Butterfly Sculpin is a benthic species that has a depth range of 4-320 m and inhabits Arctic to subarctic waters at less than 1°C. Sculpins can be found over all substrate types: rock, sand and mud.|
|Major Threat(s):||Sculpins are caught incidentally by a wide variety of fisheries and it is likely that the larger sculpin species, including species from the genus Hemilepidotus, are commonly taken by groundfish fisheries (Reuter et al. 2006). Melletes papilio occurs in some major fishing areas.|
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for M. papilio, however its distribution may cover a number of marine protected areas including the Wrangel Island Strictly Protected Nature Reserve in the Chukchi Sea.
Monitoring of the harvest levels and population numbers of this species is needed.
|Citation:||Stevenson, D. 2010. Melletes papilio. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.|
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