||Parupeneus multifasciatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
||Banded Goatfish, Manybar Goatfish, Multibar Goatfish, Multibarred Goatfish
||Rouget à Trois Bandes
Mullus multifasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Pseudupeneus moana Jordan & Seale, 1906
Upeneus atrocingulatus Kner, 1870
Upeneus velifer Smith & Swain, 1882
Upeneus vilifex Brigham, 1902
||Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2014. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 4 December 2014. Available at: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp. (Accessed: 4 December 2014).
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.
||De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.
Parupeneus multifasciatus has been assessed as Least Concern, owing to its extremely broad distribution through the Indo-Pacific, along with its generalist habitat preferences. Despite being harvested as a commercial food source, the small size of this species prevents it from becoming over-exploited as a food source. Parupeneus multifasciatus may be indirected impacted by the degradation of its coral reef habitat, but this threat does not occur throughout the entire range of this species. Consequently, this species is not thought to be undergoing a significant population decline and has been reported as common in areas of its distribution. Monitoring of the harvest levels, extent of harvest, and population size is needed to ensure threats do not become more widespread in the future.
|Range Description:||Parupeneus multifasciatus is distributed from Christmas Island, the Cocos-Keeling Islands and northwestern Australia, east to the Hawaiian and Pitcarn Islands, north to southern Japan, and south to New South Wales, Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and the Rapa Islands.|
American Samoa; Australia (Lord Howe Is., New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia); Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Hong Kong; Indonesia; Japan; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of ; New Caledonia; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Pitcairn; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Taiwan, Province of China; Tonga; United States (Hawaiian Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
|♦ Lower depth limit (metres):||161|
|♦ Upper depth limit (metres):||3|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Parupeneus multifasciatus is found in a variety of different reef zones and habitats, including lagoons, seagrass beds, and on the back reefs, reef-face, and fore-reef slopes, at a depth range of 3–161 m. Juvenile P. multifasciatus are usually found on rubble, stony, or sandy coral bottoms, whilst adults are associated with macroalgae, rubble, or reef substrate (Michael 2004). This species feeds during the day and at dusk and occurs either individually or in groups of 2 or 3. It feeds on crustaceans, small fish, gastropods, polychaetes, and formaniferans. Juveniles sometimes aggregate in the water column to feed on zooplankton (Michael 2004).|