Map_thumbnail_large_font

Echinopsis backebergii 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae

Scientific Name: Echinopsis backebergii Werderm.
Taxonomic Source(s): Hunt, D., Taylor, N. and Charles, G. (compilers and editors). 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. dh Books, Milborne Port, UK.
Taxonomic Notes: Echinopsis backebergii currently defined as two subspecies E. backebergii backebergii and E. backebergii wrightiana (Backeb.) M.Lowry, should be considered as two separate species (M. Lowry pers. comm 2010). For now, they are assessed here together as a single species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2011-05-04
Assessor(s): Lowry, M. & Ostalaza, C.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K., Superina, M. & Chanson, J.S.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Abba, A.M.
Justification:
Echinopsis backebergii has a small extent of occurrence (< 5,000 km2). The five known subpopulations are not abundant; one has already been extirpated, while agriculture is a major threat for the remaining subpopulations. Hence, it is listed as Vulnerable.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This cactus occurs in Cochabamba and La Paz (Bolivia) as well as in Peru, more specifically in Ayacucho, Huancavelica (Hunt et al. 2006) and Cuzco (Acomayo and Paruro; Ostolaza Nano 2011). It can be found at elevations between 2,300 and 3,700 m asl (Hunt et al. 2006).
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Peru
Additional data:
Number of Locations:5
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:NoLower elevation limit (metres):2300
Upper elevation limit (metres):3700
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:In Bolivia the species is known from three subpopulations; the type locality at La Paz city has been extirpated. The species is not abundant. In Peru the species is known from two subpopulations.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:Yes
Extreme fluctuations:NoPopulation severely fragmented:No
Continuing decline in subpopulations:Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations:NoAll individuals in one subpopulation:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species grows in puna and prepuna, on fine rocky soil.
Systems:Terrestrial
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The species is used as an ornamental in specialized collections; the specimens are cultivated.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The subpopulation in Bolivia is threatened by subsistence agriculture; this high-altitude habitat only recovers very slowly once it has been disturbed. The subpopulation in Peru occurs at lower altitudes where the land is more suitable for agriculture; most of the subpopulation has been displaced and now only occurs on hillsides. Some collection also occurs.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This cactus is not known to occur in any protected area.

Amended [top]

Amended reason: The species distribution map has been included.

Citation: Lowry, M. & Ostalaza, C. 2017. Echinopsis backebergii (amended version of 2013 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T152729A121486156. . Downloaded on 23 September 2018.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided