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Ferocactus latispinus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Ferocactus latispinus
Species Authority: (Haw.) Britton & Rose
Synonym(s):
Cactus latispinus Haw.
Taxonomic Notes: Three subspecies are recognized, the nominate form and subsp. greenwoodii (Glass) N.P.Taylor and subsp. spiralis  (Karw. ex Pfeiff.) N.P.Taylor.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2009-11-18
Assessor(s): Sánchez , E., Guadalupe Martínez, J., Bárcenas Luna, R., Hernández, H.M., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. & Cházaro, M.
Reviewer(s): Superina, M. & Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Schipper, J.
Justification:
Ferocactus latispinus is considered to be Least Concern due to its wide distribution, abundance, occurrence in numerous protected areas, and because it is not declining at a rate sufficient to qualify for a threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Mexico, where it is widespread in the states of Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí and Zacatecas. It has also been reported from the literature (no herbarium records) from the state of Durango (Hernández et al. 2004). It grows at elevations of 600 to 2,600 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Mexico (Aguascalientes, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This cactus has widespread and abundant subpopulations.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs in a variety of xerophyllous scrub types, grassland, and open Quercus forest (in Oaxaca). It flowers between October and March (Arias et al. 1997). Goats disperse viable seeds of this and other species (Baraza and Valiente-Banuet 2008).
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is used as an ornamental. The plants are collected locally for medicinal use (Canales-Martínez et al. 2006) and consumed raw or as a candy (González-Insuasti and Caballero 2007).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Local collecting for national ornamental plant trade affects subpopulations near villages and towns. Livestock and goats degrade the vegetation where this species occurs (Baraza and Valiente-Banuet 2008). The plants are collected locally for medicinal use (Canales-Matínez et al. 2006) and consumed raw or as a candy (González-Insuasti and Caballero 2007).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This cactus occurs in numerous protected areas (12% of known localities). It occurs within the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve (Méndez-Larios et al. 2006). Ecological studies are lacking.

Citation: Sánchez , E., Guadalupe Martínez, J., Bárcenas Luna, R., Hernández, H.M., Gómez-Hinostrosa, C. & Cházaro, M. 2013. Ferocactus latispinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 August 2014.
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