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Rhinolophus madurensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA RHINOLOPHIDAE

Scientific Name: Rhinolophus madurensis
Species Authority: K. Andersen, 1918
Common Name(s):
English Madura Horseshoe Bat
Taxonomic Notes: Simmons (2005) recognizes Rhinolophus madurensis and does not include R. parvus as a synonym of this species following Bergmans and van Bree (1986) and Kitchener et al. (1995). However Csorba et al. (2003) retained both R. madurensis and R. parvus in R. celebensis.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Hutson, A.M., Kingston, T. & Csorba, G.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority), Chanson, J. & Chiozza, F. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², it is known from only two islands, and there is a continuing declining in the species' area of occupancy and the extent and quality f its habitat due to deforestation and the loss of roosting caves.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from Madura Island and the Kangean Islands in Indonesia (Simmons 2005). The maximum elevation of these Islands is less than 500 m asl. The type locality of R. madurensis is Soemenep, Madura Island, off north-eastern Java, Indonesia.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia (Jawa)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is known from seven specimens. The only records of this bat are from Madura Island by Andersen (1918) and collections made from 1982-1984 on the Islands of Kangean, Saubi and Sepanjang (Bergmans and van Bree 1986).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a cave roosting species. It is probably not dependent on water, but forages in primary forest.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is under threat due to loss of habitat as a result of limestone extraction and deforestation for logging and agriculture.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is unknown whether this bat exists in any protected areas. Taxonomic revision is a priority for this species.

Citation: Hutson, A.M., Kingston, T. & Csorba, G. 2008. Rhinolophus madurensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 October 2014.
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