Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Didelphimorphia Didelphidae

Scientific Name: Philander mondolfii
Species Authority: Lew, Pérez-Hernández & Ventura, 2006
Common Name(s):
English Mondolfi's Four-eyed Opossum
Philander mondolfi Lew, Pérez-Hernández & Ventura, 2006 [orth. error]
Taxonomic Source(s): Lew, D. , Pérez-Hernández, R. and Ventura, J. 2006. Two new species of Philander (Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae) from northern South America. Journal of Mammalogy 87: 224–237.
Taxonomic Notes: This species includes two separate ranges that may represent distinct subspecies (D. Lew pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-06-30
Assessor(s): Lew, D., Gutiérrez, E., Pérez-Hernandez, R., López Fuster, M. & Ventura, J.
Reviewer(s): Flores, D. & Chiozza, F.
This species is listed as Least Concern because of its wide distribution, presumed large population sizes, its occurrence in a largely uninhabited vast territory in which a number of protected areas are located. In addition, the species seems to tolerance some degree of habitat alterations, and it seems to even being able to opportunistically benefit from such alterations. It is unlikely to be declining anywhere near the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category. Even though, the habitats of populations in piedmont slopes of  Cordillera de Los Andes (in Venezuela and Colombia) are intensive and extensively deforested.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2008 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is known from two separate ranges: northeastern and northwestern sectors of the piedmont hill systems that are found between the Venezuelan Guiana Shield border and the Río Orinoco; and from the foothills of the eastern slopes of the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia (up to the north of Sierra de La Macarena) and foothills of northern and southern slopes of Cordillera de Merida (Venezuela) (Lew et al. 2006). Further studies should determine whether populations occurring in these two disjunct sections of the species’ distribution correspond to different subspecies or not.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Lower elevation limit (metres): 50
Upper elevation limit (metres): 800
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is common throughout its distribution (D. Lew unpubished data). Although the current population trend is unknown, populations from the piedmont slopes of Cordillera de Los Andes (in Venezuela and Colombia) are affected by intensive and extensive deforestation.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is distributed along the hill system. It has been collected in premontane, basimontane, and submontane locations (50–800 m elevation), including nonflooded ombrophilous and riparian forests, with semideciduous and mostly evergreen vegetation, from medium to tall (15 to 25 m) in height (Lew et al. 2006). The species is often more common in logged forest in Imataca Forest Reserve (Bolívar State, Venezuela) (D. Lew pers. comm.).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats. The forests on the eastern slopes of the Cordillera de Los Andes in Venezuela and Colombia have been heavily deforested and probably some populations have likely declined or become locally extinct (D. Lew pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is found in several protected areas (D. Lew pers. comm.).

Citation: Lew, D., Gutiérrez, E., Pérez-Hernandez, R., López Fuster, M. & Ventura, J. 2011. Philander mondolfii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T136202A4259221. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
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