|Scientific Name:||Salvelinus inframundus|
|Species Authority:||Regan, 1909|
Salvelinus evasus Freyhof & Kottelat, 2005
|Taxonomic Notes:||Long known only from the original description, based on material from Orkney Islands. This or a similar species has recently been recorded from Loch Meallt. Above diagnosis largely based on latter population.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
The species is regarded as extirpated from its type locality on the Orkney Islands (last recorded in 1908 when it was described), but there is no recent confirmation. A population of Salvelinus from Loch Mealt (photographed by Alexander and Adams in 2000) is tentatively identified as S. inframundus, but this needs confirmation. The impacts of the fish farming in Loch Mealt (Canadian Arctic Char) upon the native char population is unknown. More information is needed on the taxonomic identity of the char in Loch Mealt and the impact of the fish farming before a full Red List assessment can be made. The species could be Vulnerable to Extinct.
|Range Description:||Orkney Islands (Heldale Water, Hoy Island) - presumed extirpated (last recorded in 1908), Scotland (Loch Mealt, Isle of Skye).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Loch Meallt is a small eutrophic lake, up to 3 m deep, on top of an exposed cliff.
Feeds on sticklebacks, molluscs, insect larvae.
|Major Threat(s):||Canadian arctic charr are farmed on Loch Mealt, but the impacts upon the native charr are unknown. (http://www.snh.org.uk/futures/Data/pdfdocs/FRESHWATERS.pdf pg 88 20/02/2007)|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Salvelinus inframundus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 December 2013.|
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