|Scientific Name:||Microtus guentheri|
|Species Authority:||(Danford & Alston, 1880)|
Microtus mustersi Hinton, 1926
|Taxonomic Notes:||Includes mustersi (Musser and Carleton 2005).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Contributor(s):||Amr, Z.S.S., Shenbrot, G., Hutterer, R., Kryštufek, B., Yigit, N., Mitsain, G. & Palomo, L.|
A widespread and common species with no major threats. It is tolerant of a range of habitat types, both natural and man-made and is hence listed as Least Concern.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
Microtus guentheri occurs from the south-east Balkans and Turkey through Syria, Lebanon, and Israel, with an isolated range segment in northern Libya. Within Europe, it has a discontinuous range in southern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), F. Y. R. Macedonia, parts of southern and eastern Greece, southern Bulgaria, and Turkish Thrace, and has been recorded from 150 m to 500 m above sea level (Kryštufek 1999, Shenbrot and Krasnov 2005). The relict population occurring in the Cyrenaican Plateau of Libya is found at altitudes of up to 1,500 m, and is considered by some authors to be a separate species M. mustersi. For the current assessment M. mustersi is considered part of Microtus guentheri.
Native:Bulgaria; Greece; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia); Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
A common species in south-west Asia; populations fluctuate due to rainfall. In Europe, it occurs in scattered subpopulations which often undergo large fluctuations with steep declines. However, local extinctions have not been recorded. The species is considered locally common in parts of the Balkans. In Asiatic Turkey, very high population densities have been recorded in peak years (Kryštufek 1999). In some localities (e.g. in Israel) it is a serious pest species (B. Kryštufek pers. comm. 2007).
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
It inhabits dry grasslands with sparse vegetation on well drained soil. These include both natural and man-made habitats (e.g. dry meadows and pastures) (Kryštufek 1999). Around the type locality it prefers grassy meadows and riverbanks.
|Generation Length (years):||1|
There are no major threats to this species.
A lowland species, therefore across most of its range it does not occur in protected areas. In some parts, however, it does occur in protected areas (for example in Greece, and in Libya where most of the species' range lies within the Kouf National Park). No conservation measures are required - this species is considered an agricultural pest.
|Citation:||Amori, G. 2016. Microtus guentheri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T13463A22349143.Downloaded on 21 January 2017.|
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