Microtus oeconomus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Cricetidae

Scientific Name: Microtus oeconomus (Pallas, 1776)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Root Vole, Tundra Vole
French Campagnol Nordique
Spanish Topillo Nórdico
Taxonomic Notes: Small isolated subpopulations are considered separate subspecies (e.g. Netherlands and the Pannonian population).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-08-18
Assessor(s): Linzey, A.V., Shar, S., Lkhagvasuren, D., Juškaitis, R., Sheftel, B., Meinig, H., Amori, G. & Henttonen, H.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Globally, the species is common and widespread and is not considered threatened. However, some isolate subspecies/subpopulations are declining and potentially threatened with extinction. Listed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Microtus oeconomus is a Holarctic species, with a wide range extending from north-west Europe in the west to Alaska in the East. In North America, restricted to Alaska and northwest Canada. In Europe, its main range extends from eastern Germany and northern Fennoscandia through Poland, Belarus, and northern and central European Russia; isolated relict populations are found in the Netherlands, southern Norway and northern Sweden, the Finnish coast, and Austria, Slovakia and Hungary (van Apeldoorn 1999, Shenbrot and Krasnov 2005). In China found in northern Xinjiang and northern Nei Mongol. In Mongolia found in northern areas including Mongol Altai, Hangai, Hövsgöl Hentii and Ikh Hyangan mountain ranges, and Mongol Daguur Steppe (Sokolov et al., 1985).
Countries occurrence:
Austria; Belarus; Canada; Czech Republic; Estonia; Finland; Germany; Hungary; Kazakhstan; Lithuania; Mongolia; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Sweden; Ukraine; United States
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2900
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:A widespread and abundant species, although in some areas (e.g. parts of Europe, some North American islands) its status is less favourable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It typically inhabits damp, densely-vegetated areas along the edges of lakes, streams and marshes; may be found in tundra, taiga, forest-steppe, and even semi-desert. Wet meadows, bogs, fens, riverbanks and flooded shores are all important habitats (Tast 1982, van Apeldoorn 1999). Feeds on green vegetation.
Generation Length (years):0-1

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): At the global level this species faces no major threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occurs in protected areas. It is listed on Appendix III of the Bern Convention. Subspecies arenicola (from the Netherlands) is listed on Annex II of the EU Habitats and Species Directive, and both M. oe. arenicola and M. oe. mehelyi (the latter from Austria, Hungary and Slovakia) are listed on Annex IV. In North America, the following subspecies are regarded as being of conservation concern (all are island forms): M. o. punakensis (S1); M. o. amakensis and M. o. elymocetes (S2); and M. o. innuitus, M. o. popofensis, M. o. sitkensis, and M. o. unalascensis (S3).

Errata [top]

Errata reason: This errata assessment has been created because the map was accidentally left out of the version published previously.

Citation: Linzey, A.V., Shar, S., Lkhagvasuren, D., Juškaitis, R., Sheftel, B., Meinig, H., Amori, G. & Henttonen, H. 2016. Microtus oeconomus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T13451A115113894. . Downloaded on 14 August 2018.
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