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Microcebus rufus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PRIMATES CHEIROGALEIDAE

Scientific Name: Microcebus rufus
Species Authority: (É. Geoffroy, 1834)
Common Name/s:
English Rufous Mouse Lemur, Brown Mouse-lemur, Rufous Mouse-lemur, Russet Mouse-lemur
Spanish Maki Ratón
Taxonomic Notes: Up until recently, the geographic range of M. rufus was believed to extend throughout Madagascar’s eastern forests from Tolagnaro (= Fort Dauphin) in the south perhaps as far as the Tsaratanana Massif and the region of Daraina in the north. However, recent field work and analyses of molecular data have resulted in the identification of several new species within this distribution, including the newly described M. lehilahytsara, M. mittermeieri, M. simmonsi, and M. jollyae (Louis et al. 2006).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P.
Reviewer/s: Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern as the species is widespread and common, and there are no major threats to the species. However, given the decline in available habitat across the range, the species is likely to be slowly declining.
History:
1990 Abundant (IUCN 1990)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: For the present time, the range of this species is tentatively considered to include much of the eastern rainforest, at least from Tolagnaro in the south to Tsaratanana in the north. The Microcebus recorded from Daraina is currently assigned to this species pending further taxonomic investigation. Ranges from sea level to 2,000 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Reported to occur at high densities.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: M. rufus is reported to occur in rain forests, and also in secondary forest formations, bamboo forests, old plantations and even eucalyptus groves. They have also been recorded in the marsh around Lake Alaotra. This species sleeps in tree holes and leaf nests during the day, and has even been observed to use old bird nests. Mating takes place in September and October, and 1-3 young are born following a two month gestation period (see Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats, although habitat loss due to slash-and-burn agriculture may be leading to some localized declines.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of CITES. This species is present in eight national parks (Andohahela, Andringitra, Mananara-Nord, Marojejy, Masoala, Midongy du Sud, Montagne d’Ambre, and Ranomafana) and six special reserves (Ambatovaky, Ambohitantely, Manombo, Nosy Mangabe, Pic d’Ivohibe, and Tampoketsa-Analamaitso) (Mittermeier et al. 2008).
Citation: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P. 2008. Microcebus rufus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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