|Scientific Name:||Dermatolepis dermatolepis|
|Species Authority:||(Boulenger, 1895)|
Dermatolepis punctatus Gill, 1861
Epinephelus dermatolepis Boulenger, 1895
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rocha, L., Ferreira, B., Choat, J.H., Craig, M. & Sadovy, Y.|
|Reviewer(s):||Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)|
Dermatolepis dermatolepis is listed as Least Concern because it is a widespread, relatively abundant species not currently thought to be in significant decline, although more data are needed.
|Range Description:||Dermatolepis dermatolepis is an eastern Pacific species distributed from southern California (USA) to Ecuador, including the Revillagigedo and Galápagos Islands, Cocos Island, and Clipperton Island.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guadeloupe; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; United States
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Dermatolepis dermatolepis is locally abundant throughout its range, albeit patchily distributed.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Dermatolepis dermatolepis is a reef-associated species inhabiting rocky reefs in mostly shallow water, but not found in sandy bottom or mud.
D. dermatolepis is a diurnal predator that feeds on small benthic fishes and occasionally on crustaceans. It often uses browsing herbivorous fishes as a moving blind in order to feed on the cryptic fauna disturbed by these browsers; it will also follow foraging moray eels to catch the fishes frightened from their hiding places. Small juveniles have been seen hiding among the long spines of the dark-colored sea urchin, Centrostephanus coronatus.
D. dermatolepis forms spawning aggregation in limited number, approximately 40 to 50 individuals.
Juvenile life history
Juveniles live among sea urchin spines.
|Major Threat(s):||Dermatolepis dermatolepis is recreationally targeted and incidentally caught along with other grouper species, but this is apparently not at a level currently constituting a major threat. If spawning aggregations were targeted in the future, this could represent a major threat, particularly given the small size of the aggregations.|
|Conservation Actions:||Dermatolepis dermatolepis occurs in a few protected areas in its range.|
|Citation:||Rocha, L., Ferreira, B., Choat, J.H., Craig, M. & Sadovy, Y. 2008. Dermatolepis dermatolepis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.|
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