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Madoqua saltiana

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CETARTIODACTYLA BOVIDAE

Scientific Name: Madoqua saltiana
Species Authority: (de Blainville, 1816)
Common Name(s):
English Salt's Dik-dik
Taxonomic Notes: At least five subspecies have been proposed, based on phenotypic variation: M. s. saltiana, M. s. hararensis, M. s. lawrancei, M. s. phillipsi, and M. s. swaynei (Yalden in press). The latter has been regarded as a full species by some authors. Clarification through molecular genetic analysis of these relationships, and of the whole Madoqua species complex, is highly desirable.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Heckel, J.-O., Wilhelmi, F., Kaariye, X.Y., Rayaleh, H.A. & Amir, O.G.
Reviewer(s): Mallon, D.P. & Chardonnet, P. (Antelope Red List Authority)
Justification:
Population size and range surpass the thresholds required for listing in a threatened category. Although some local declines in numbers and range can be inferred from the effects of hunting and habitat degradation, populations appear to be stable in several other parts of the range. There is no evidence to suggest that an overall decline is close to a threshold that would qualify for threatened status under criterion A.
History:
2007 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to north-east Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia) with marginal occurrence in north-east Sudan and possibly the border region of north-east Kenya (East 1999; Yalden in press).
Countries:
Native:
Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Somalia; Sudan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: East (1999) estimated the total population at 485,600 individuals, based on an average density of two individuals per km² over an area of occupancy of 242,800 km² and suggested that the order of magnitude could be in the hundreds of thousands, and that the population was generally stable. Several authors have reported much higher local densities. Laurent and Laurent (2002) said that Salt’s dikdik is still widespread in Djibouti, but has declined over the last 20 years. Wilhelmi et al. (2006) found this species quite common in surveyed areas of the Ogaden (Ethiopia).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Found in various types of semi-desert scrub. Occurs from sea level to 1,500 m and perhaps up to 2,000 m (Yalden et al. 1984, Künzel et al. 2000).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Subsistence hunting is a factor across the range. Hunting pressure is no doubt heavier in areas of civil and military conflict. In Somalia, hunting of all dikdik species is more intensive, with meat, skins and live animals exported to the Gulf states (Amir 2006). Habitat degradation resulting from overgrazing by domestic livestock affects areas across north-east Africa, but is not reported to be a significant adverse factor for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs in a few protected areas (e.g., Awash and Yangudi Rassa National Parks in Ethiopia).

Citation: Heckel, J.-O., Wilhelmi, F., Kaariye, X.Y., Rayaleh, H.A. & Amir, O.G. 2008. Madoqua saltiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 October 2014.
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