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Macaca ochreata

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PRIMATES CERCOPITHECIDAE

Scientific Name: Macaca ochreata
Species Authority: (Ogilby, 1841)
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Common Name/s:
English Booted Macaque
Spanish Macaca Crestada De Sulawesi
Taxonomic Notes: M. o. brunnescens is sometimes treated as a distinct species. This species hybridizes with M. tonkeana in areas where their ranges overlap (Groves 2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A3c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Supriatna, J.
Reviewer/s: Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
Justification:
This species is considered Vulnerable due to a continued decline estimated to be more than 30% over the next 40 years (3 generations), as a result of a projected increase in oil palm, cacao and cotton plantations and human settlement.
History:
2000 Data Deficient
1996 Data Deficient

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found on Sulawesi, Indonesia, and on the adjacent islands of Muna and Butung; it possibly occurs on the islet of Palau Labuan Blanda, as well.

Macaca ochreata ochreata
Occurs on Sulawesi. Found on the whole of the southeastern peninsula, extending to the north of the lakes region. In the east, the border between M. o. ochreata and M. tonkeana is the La River; in the west, M. o. ochreata extends west along the coast, across the Karaena River in its lower course, but does not reach into the uplands further inland (Groves 2001).

Macaca ochreata brunnescens
Occurs on Muna, Butung, and possibly the neighbouring islet of Palau Labuan Blanda (Groves 2001).
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia (Sulawesi)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Density estimates from four locations range from 10 to 40 individuals/km2 (J. Supriatna pers. comm.). Group size ranges from 12 to 30 individuals.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in rainforests at moderate elevations, up to 800 m. It is frugivorous, but will eat immature leaves, arthropods, stalks of newly flowering plants, and cultivated crops (fruits, vegetables, and maize).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is extensive habitat loss within its range. Shifting cultivation by local communities is an increasing threat, as are oil palm and cacao plantations, as well as cotton cultivation, are displacing the natural habitat. Expanding human settlements are also a problem. There is extensive illegal ?small scale? open area gold mining, using mercury, within protected areas. All of these factors are combining to increase the rate of habitat loss. Animals are also poisoned for crop raiding.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed under CITES Appendix II.

Macaca ochreata ochreata occurs in the following protected areas: Rawa Aopa Watomahai, Padang Mata Osu, Tanjung Peropa, Tanjung Batikolo and Faruhumpenai Nature Reserve (Riley et al. 2007). Macaca ochreata brunnescens occurs in the following protected areas: Buton Utara, Buton Lambusango Nature Reserve, and Napabalano.
Citation: Supriatna, J. 2008. Macaca ochreata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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