Anaecypris hispanica


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Anaecypris hispanica
Species Authority: (Steindachner, 1866)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A2ace ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Carmona, J. & Darwall, W. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
A. hispanica has experienced a decline in population of >50% in 10 years, and it is ongoing in spite of the establishment of a conservation program. The population is fragmented due to dams and is declining due to water extraction, introduced species and pollution.
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: An endemic fish to the Iberic Peninsula. Most of the distribution is within Spain and some in Portugal (Guadiana river basin) (extent of occurrence <5,000 km²).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Very fragmented, declining 50% in the last 10 years (Doadrio 2001).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives most of the time in small intermittent streams of the Guadiana River basin with high dissolved oxygen concentrations, coarse substratum, shallow depth and water temperature below 25°C. It is a short-lived species (maximum three years old) achieving a small size (< 60 mm). Reproduction takes place in April–May. It is a species with limited dispersal. (Doadrio 2001).
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Alteration of habitat, reduced flow regime due to water extraction, and river regulation (dams), pollution and introduced species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed in the Annexes II and IV of the European Union Habitats Directive and in Appendix III of the Bern Convention.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Anaecypris hispanica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.
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