Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Leiopelmatidae

Scientific Name: Leiopelma hochstetteri
Species Authority: Fitzinger, 1861
Common Name(s):
English Hochstetter's New Zealand Frog, Hochstetter's Frog
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Recent genetic studies suggest that this species, as currently recognized, represents a species complex.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A3e; B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-09
Assessor(s): Ben Bell, Mandy Tocher, Philip Bishop, Bruce Waldman
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Vulnerable because of a projected population decline, estimated to be more than 30% over the next ten years due to chytridiomycosis; and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is an ongoing decline in the extent and quality of the species habitat.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Vulnerable (VU)
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
1994 Rare (R)
1990 Rare (R)
1988 Rare (R)
1986 Rare (R)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from numerous localities in northern North Island, New Zealand.
Countries occurrence:
New Zealand
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a common species.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This semi-aquatic species can be found alongside forested creeks and watercourses, mostly in native forest, but surviving to some extent in modified habitats such as farmland and exotic forest. It lays large unpigmented eggs in damp situations on the ground, which then undergo direct development without a larval stage.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Disease (chytridiomycosis) will most likely be a major threat to this species in the near future, as it has recently been identified in the related L. archeyi. This species co-exists with introduced mammalian predators (such as Rattus rattus, Mustela erminea), but their long-term impact on the species is uncertain. Habitat loss, due to the conversion of native habitat to pine plantations, is certainly a threat, as is the siltation of breeding streams that takes place as a result of logging and road building activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The NZ Department of Conservation (DOC), through its Native Frog Recovery Group and Native Frog Recovery Plan, administers conservation management of this species and permits appropriate species research. Possible declines, and the identity of chytrid fungus in Leiopelma archeyi, have stimulated urgent research and management of the two species, including studies on pathology, population monitoring, captive management and molecular research. This involves DOC and Canterbury, Massey, Otago, and Victoria Universities. Recent studies have suggested that this species might comprise cryptic species, and hence taxonomic research is recommended to resolve this taxonomic issue.

Citation: Ben Bell, Mandy Tocher, Philip Bishop, Bruce Waldman. 2010. Leiopelma hochstetteri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T11452A3278312. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided