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Jaculus orientalis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA DIPODIDAE

Scientific Name: Jaculus orientalis
Species Authority: Erxleben, 1777
Common Name(s):
English Greater Egyptian Jerboa

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Amori, G., Hutterer, R., Kryštufek, B., Yigit, N., Mitsain, G., Palomo, L.J., Aulagnier, S. & Shenbrot, G.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern because, it is a widespread species, which is considered to be relatively common, and it highly adaptable to disturbed environment, including arable land. There are no major threats to the species.
History:
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Jaculus orientalis has a distribution extending from Morocco, east through Algeria and Tunisia, to Libya, and Egypt. Extralimitally to the African continent, the species also occurs in the Sinai (Egypt) and from the northern Negev desert and western Judean Desert in Israel. The species is found from sea level to 600 m in Israel, although it is found at much higher elevations in Africa.
Countries:
Native:
Algeria; Egypt; Israel; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is widely distributed and abundant. In Algeria, the species is apparently very common in Hauts Plateaux (Kowalski and Rzebik-Kowalska, 1991).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species is found in a range of habitats including deserts, semi-deserts, coastal sand dunes and marshes, meadows, and cultivated fields. It is a nocturnal rodent which may move considerable distances each night in search of food. Its diet includes roots, shoots, seeds, grains and cultivated vegetables. J. orientalis is a sociable species and is often found in small groups.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species. It is reported as being a pest species of barley and grain fields and in parts of its range. Bedouin farmers often catch and eat the species, however, they are not eaten in the Maghreb.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been recorded from several protected areas, and are the focus of ongoing research (especially related to the physiology of hibernation).

Citation: Amori, G., Hutterer, R., Kryštufek, B., Yigit, N., Mitsain, G., Palomo, L.J., Aulagnier, S. & Shenbrot, G. 2008. Jaculus orientalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.
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