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Hipposideros hypophyllus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA HIPPOSIDERIDAE

Scientific Name: Hipposideros hypophyllus
Species Authority: Kock & Bhat, 1994
Common Name(s):
English Kolar Leaf-nosed Bat, Leafletted Leaf-nosed Bat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered, in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000 km² and area of occupancy of less than 500 km², with all individuals in fewer than five locations, and a continuing decline in the quality of habitat.
History:
2004 Endangered
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Lower Risk/near threatened (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to India and is presently known only from the two localities of Hanumanahalli and Theralli, in Kolar District, Karnataka State (Kock and Bhat 1994). It has not been recorded from additional nearby localities despite surveys by K.S. Sreepada (surveys from 1993 to 1997) and R. Krishnan (S. Molur pers. comm. 2008). It has been recorded from 500 to 570 m asl. The extent of occurrence is 101-5,000 km² and the area of occupancy is estimated to be less than 500 km² because of a likely foraging radius of 10 km² based on foraging ecology and roost fidelity of similar sized hipposiderid species (Brosset 1966, Molur et al. 2002).
Countries:
Native:
India (Karnataka)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The abundance, population size and trends for this species are not known (Molur et al. 2002).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Little is known about the habitat or ecology of this species except that it roosts in granite caves in subterranean habitats and shares its roosts with other hipposiderid species such as H. ater, H. fulvus and H. speoris (Kock and Bhat 1994, Molur et al. 2002).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by mining activities and loss of foraging habitats (Molur et al. 2002).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no direct conservation measures in place for this species. The species has not been recorded from any protected areas. Studies in taxonomy, distribution, abundance, reproduction, ecology and population monitoring are required immediately. There is a need to identify and protect key roosting caves for this species, and general habitat maintenance, conservation and restoration is also needed. Public awareness about the endemicity and status of this species is recommended (Molur et al. 2002).

Citation: Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C. 2008. Hipposideros hypophyllus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 August 2014.
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