Pollom, R.A., Ralph, G.M., Pollock, C.M. and Vincent, A.C.J. 2021. Global extinction risk for seahorses, pipefishes and their near relatives (Syngnathiformes). Oryx 55(4): 497–506. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605320000782.
This paper reports on the first global assessment of extinction risk for 300 species of syngnathiform fishes known as of 2017, using the IUCN Red List Criteria.