Spatial Data Download

 2013 Red List Spatial Data

The 2013 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species contains assessments for just over 70,000 species, of which about 43,000 has spatial data. This spatial data collection provided below is for most of the comprehensively assessed taxonomic groups such as amphibians, mammals, threatened birds, reef-building corals, seasnakes, sea cucumbers, seagrasses and mangroves. Spatial data is also provided for many of the marine fish and reptile species that have been assessed. Other groups will be added to this collection once they are mapped. It is important to note that some species listed as Data Deficient are not mapped. These data are made freely available to the public to help inform conservation planning and other decision making processes. For more information about the assessment process, please see the IUCN Red List website (http://www.iucnredlist.org/technical-documents/assessment-process).

The species distribution maps, sometimes referred to as 'limited of distribution' or 'field guide' maps, aim to provide the current know distribution of the species within its native range.  The limits of distribution can be determined by using known occurrences of the species, along with the knowledge of habitat preferences, remaining suitable habitat, elevation limited, and other expert knowledge of the species and its range.  In most cases the range is depicted as polygons.  A polygon displaying the limited of a species distribution is essentially meant to communicate that the species probably occurs within this polygon, but it does not mean that it is distributed equally within that polygon or occurs everywhere within that polygon.

The data is held in shapefiles, the ESRI native format and contain the known range of each species. Ranges are depicted as polygons. DBF files accompanying each polygon contain taxonomic information, and contain information on distribution status, sources and other details about the maps (see Oct 2012 metadata document) To limit the size of the shapefiles that are available to download, the higher taxonomy is not included in the data sets, only the genus and species name. The higher taxonomy including the current Red List Category information is available under each section, in Excel format (these are the same data you would get if you ran a search on the Red List web site and exported the results as a CSV file), and you are able to join this file with the shapefiles when downloaded.

For ease of distribution and downloading the data is divided by taxonomic groups.

The data is available both in Esri Shapefile format and is held in geographical coordinates. Please note that the files are large, and download times could be quite lengthy.

While this data is made freely available to the public for non-commercial use (see Terms and Conditions of Use), please note that unfortunately we cannot provide technical support for use of the data in analyses or general GIS support.

For all enquiries about spatial data, please contact the IUCN Red List GIS Unit.

Data Links

Mammals Birds Sea Cucumbers
Amphibians Marine Fish Freshwater
Corals Mangroves Cone Snails
Reptiles Seagrasses

Mammals

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for all mammals or broken out into smaller data sets as shapefiles. The ranges are broken out by grouping families containing predominantly marine and terrestrial species.

The terrestrial file includes all mammals, excluding species in the families Otariidae, Phocidae and Odobenidae (i.e. all seals, sea lions and walrus), Balaenidae, Balaenopteridae, Delphinidae, Eschrichtidae, Iniidae, Monodontidae, Neobalaenidae, Phocoenidae, Physteridae, Platanistidae, and Ziphiidae (all whales, dolphins and porpoises), and everything in the Order Sirenia (manatees and dugongs). The latter families are included in the Marine shapefile.

All Mammals - 2013 (zip file, 706.8 MB)

Mammals - Terrestrial (zip file, 337 MB)

Mammals - Marine (zip file, 370 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Mammals - full taxonomy and Red List status (note that there are more species in this list than are mapped and the list does not include subspecies or subpopulations). The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/4cc84a88-1fd94435.

Threatened mammal richness (number of species)


Source: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012

Amphibians

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for all amphibians or broken out into smaller shapefiles by amphibian Order: Anura, Caudata and Gymnophiona.

All Amphibians - 2013 (zip file, 107 MB)

Amphibians - Anura (zip file, 198 MB)

Amphibians - Caudata (zip file, 20 MB)

Amphibians - Gymnophiona (zip file, 1 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Amphibians - higher taxonomy and Red List status (note that there are more species in this list than are mapped). The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/51da7b4d-ed0d5739.

Threatened amphibian richness (number of species)

Source: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012

Corals

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for all warm water reef-building corals or broken out into smaller shapefiles by grouping families as follows:

All Corals - 2012 (zip file, 2 GB)

Reef-building Corals 1 (zip file, 814 MB) contains species in the Order Scleractinia covering the families Acroporidae, Agariciidae, Astrocoeniidae, Caryophylliidae, Dendrophylliidae, Euphyllidae, and Faviidae.

Reef-building Corals 2 (zip file, 319 MB) contains species in the Order Scleractinia covering the families Fungiidae, Meandrinidae, Merulinidae, Oculinidae, Mussidae, Oculinidae, Pectiniidae, Pocilloporidae, Poritidae, Rhizangiidae, and Siderastreidae.

Reef-building Corals 3 (zip file, 41.5 MB) contains the species in the orders Stolonifera, Helioporacea and Milleporina covering the Families Helioporidae, Milleporidae, and Tubiporidae.

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Reef-building Corals - higher taxonomy and Red List status. The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/508103f3-240449be.

Threatened coral richness (number of species)

Source: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012

Reptiles

The ranges are available as a single data set for all (shapefile) reptiles that have currently been assessed globally and comprehensively and as a separate set for the sea-snakes (includes the true sea-snakes, mud-snakes and file snake)

This currently includes, but is not limited to, all species endemic to the following regions: Canada, the United States and Mexico; the Seychelles; Europe; all of the Mediterranean (including North Africa), Caucasus, and Iran; and the Philippines. Further taxa will be added as assessment work is completed.

All reptiles - 2013 (zip file, 211 MB)

Sea-snakes (zip file, 52.4 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Reptiles - higher taxonomy and Red List status (note that there are more species in this list than are mapped). The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/4cc869f6-c01d43b6.

Birds

BirdLife International is the IUCN Red Listing Authority for birds and maintains the most up to date information on global bird distributions. To request a copy of the shapefiles of species range maps for threatened birds, please visit the BirdLife Data Zone here.

Threatened bird richness (number of species)

Source: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012

Marine Fish

The ranges are available as a single data set (Shapefile) for all Marine Fish species (families including Pomacanthidae, Chaetodontidae, Serranidae, Labridae, Acanthuridae, Albulidae, Elopidae).

All Marine Fish (zip file, 814 MB)

Angelfish (zip file, 54 MB)

Bonefishes and Tarpons (zip file, 17 MB)

Butterflyfish (zip file, 110 MB)

Groupers (zip file, 10 MB)

Labridae (zip file, 394 MB)

Surgeonfish, Tangs and Unicornfish (zip file, 104 MB)

Tunas and Billfishes (zip file, 124 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

All Marine Fish - higher taxonomy and Red List status. The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink:http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/5093bfd8-a4cbafd8.

Angelfish - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/4cee847c-c8532717.

Bonefishes and Tarpons - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/50912d52-d4e9a0be .

Butterflyfish - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/4cee84df-a136dfd8.

Groupers - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/4cee86ab-927e7d62.

Labridae - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/509a330f-2b5c5cfc.

Surgeonfish, Tangs and Unicornfish - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/529cabef-d53406d8..

Tunas and Billfishes - The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/527a57ad-cae842b4..

 Mangroves

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for most plant species that considered to form part of the mangrove ecosystem.

Mangroves (zip file, 97.8 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Mangroves - higher taxonomy and Red List status. The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/5093f17a-094b1233

 Seagrasses

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for all seagrass species.

Seagrasses (zip file, 52.4 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Seagrasses - higher taxonomy and Red List status. The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink:http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/5093f354-14d2d6e5.

  Sea Cucumbers

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for all commerical sea cucumber species.

Sea Cucumbers (zip file, 250 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Sea Cucumbers - higher taxonomy and Red List status. The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/51dd599a-005adbac.

 Cone Snails

The ranges are available as a single data set (shapefile) for all cone snail species.

Cone Snails (zip file, 415 MB)

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.

Cone Snails - higher taxonomy and Red List status. The list presented as a Red List search result with links to each species fact sheet can also be found by clicking on this permalink: http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/link/5257bb96-13e0df81

 Freshwater 

The hydroshed ranges are available as a single data set (geodatabase) which contain all the groups assessed within each region.

All Freshwater groups are produced by the Freshwater Biodiversity Unit.

 Eastern Himalayas (zip, 1 GB) - Eastern Himalaya Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment.

 Indo-Burma (7-Zip, 1.8 GB) - Indo-Burma Freshwater Assessment.

 Pan-Africa (zip, 1 GB) - Pan-Africa Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment.

 Western Ghats (zip, 32.5 MB) - Western Ghasts Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment.

 Europe (zip, 361MB) - European Red List of Freshwater Fishes.

See metadata document (Oct. 2012) for further information.